Guidance

Appeals: how long they take

Latest average timescales for planning, enforcement and householder appeals.

The Planning Inspectorate receives around 20,000 appeals each year. The number and type of appeals submitted can, and often does, change each month. This might affect how long it takes to deal with your appeal.

The information on this webpage is updated monthly. This information was last updated on 19 March 2018.

The appeal handling process

The majority of appeals will be decided by written representations or a hearing and there are four stages involved, which are explained below.

The tables are a guide, and because the number of appeals we receive each month fluctuates this can affect the time taken to validate or start a case.

Planning (including listed building) appeals

These appeals will be in respect of a decision that the local planning authority (LPA) has made in relation to a planning application other than a householder appeal.

For appeals dealt with by written representations or a hearing:

Planning Appeal Receipt to Start Start to Event Event to Decision
Written Representations 10 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 1 week
10 weeks 4 weeks
Hearings 17 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 1 week
14 weeks 5 weeks

For appeals dealt with by an inquiry:

Planning appeals that are decided following an inquiry do not have a separate “validation” stage. Instead, when the appeal is started, the start letter declares the appeal to be valid, and the necessary validity checks will have been carried out so that an inquiry can arranged.

Planning Appeal Receipt to Start Start to Event Event to Decision
Inquiries 5 weeks 34 weeks 10 weeks

Householder appeals

These are appeals relating to refusal for development associated with a house such as a rear extension or roof alteration.

Householder Appeal Receipt to Start Start to Event Event to Decision
Written Representations 8 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 1 week
5 weeks 2 weeks

All enforcement and lawful development certificate appeals

These are appeals against an enforcement notice (including listed building enforcement) or lawful development certificate in respect of your property.

Enforcement Appeal Receipt to Start Start to Event Event to Decision
Written Representations 17 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 4 weeks
20 weeks 3 weeks
Hearings 12 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 2 weeks
20 weeks 5 weeks
Inquiries 25 weeks within which:
Receipt to Validation is 3 weeks
29 weeks 6 weeks

Receipt to validation.

You submit an appeal to the Planning Inspectorate, Once it is received, we undertake certain checks to ensure it is a valid appeal. We will let you know when your appeal has been validated. The times stated above include appeals that have been submitted but cannot be validated until further documentation has been received.

Validation to start.

Once the appeal has been validated, we identify a suitable Inspector to decide the appeal. The time this takes depends on several things, including the type of appeal and the procedure type.

Start to event.

Once we have identified a suitable Inspector, we will write to you with the timetable for the appeal, including deadlines for the submission of representations and support documents. The Inspector will also hold a site visit, a hearing or an inquiry.

Event to decision.

The Inspector will then make a final decision regarding your appeal, based on the evidence submitted. You will be notified of the decision.

For more information about the appeals handling process and the types of procedure types, read the Planning Inspectorate’s Procedural Guide.

Published 1 January 2014
Last updated 19 March 2018 + show all updates
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