Appeals: how long they take
Latest average timescales for planning, enforcement and householder appeals.
The Planning Inspectorate receives around 20,000 appeals each year. The number and type of appeals submitted can, and often does, change each month. This might affect how long it takes to deal with your appeal.
The information on this webpage is updated monthly. This information was last updated on 04 May 2017.
The appeal handling process
The majority of appeals will be decided by written representations or a hearing and there are four stages involved, which are explained below.
The tables are a guide, and because the number of appeals we receive each month fluctuates this can affect the time taken to validate or start a case.
Planning (including listed building) appeals
These appeals will be in respect of a decision that the local planning authority (LPA) has made in relation to a planning application other than a householder appeal.
For appeals dealt with by written representations or a hearing:
|Planning Appeal||Receipt to Validation||Validation to Start||Start to Event||Event to Decision|
|Written Representations||1 week||6 weeks||9 weeks||4 weeks|
|Hearings||1 weeks||11 weeks||12 weeks||10 weeks|
For appeals dealt with by an inquiry:
Planning appeals that are decided following an inquiry do not have a separate “validation” stage. Instead, when the appeal is started, the start letter declares the appeal to be valid, and the necessary validity checks will have been carried out so that an inquiry can arranged.
|Planning Appeal||Receipt to Start||Start to Event||Event to Decision|
|Inquiries||6 weeks||40 weeks||11 weeks|
These are appeals relating to refusal for development associated with a house such as a rear extension or roof alteration.
|Householder Appeal||Receipt to Validation||Validation to Start||Start to Event||Event to Decision|
|Written Representations||1 week||5 weeks||4 weeks||3 weeks|
These are appeals against an enforcement notice or other formal notice from the local planning authority (LPA) in respect of your property.
|Enforcement Appeal||Receipt to Validation||Validation to Start||Start to Event||Event to Decision|
|Written Representations||3 weeks||6 weeks||19 weeks||4 weeks|
|Hearings||1 week||7 weeks||30 weeks||7 weeks|
|Inquiries||4 weeks||3 weeks||45 weeks||7 weeks|
Receipt to validation.
You submit an appeal to the Planning Inspectorate, Once it is received, we undertake certain checks to ensure it is a valid appeal. We will let you know when your appeal has been validated. The times stated above include appeals that have been submitted but cannot be validated until further documentation has been received.
Validation to start.
Once the appeal has been validated, we identify a suitable Inspector to decide the appeal. The time this takes depends on several things, including the type of appeal and the procedure type.
Start to event.
Once we have identified a suitable Inspector, we will write to you with the timetable for the appeal, including deadlines for the submission of representations and support documents. The Inspector will also hold a site visit, a hearing or an inquiry.
Event to decision.
The Inspector will then make a final decision regarding your appeal, based on the evidence submitted. You will be notified of the decision.
For more information about the appeals handling process and the types of procedure types, read the Planning Inspectorate’s Procedural Guide.
Appeal decisions during the election period
The Planning Inspectorate always aims to issue decisions promptly after the event. However, in the run-up to Local and Mayoral Elections and the General Election we are always concerned to ensure that appeal decisions concerning proposals which have raised particular sensitivities or interest in an area cannot be deemed to have influenced the election or have been used to electoral advantage by any interested body. Accordingly those decisions are not issued until the election results have been announced. The types of cases likely to be affected are where a proposal:
- is claimed to represent inappropriate development in the Green Belt (other than domestic extensions) or
- represents major green field housing or
- involves any case where an emerging Neighbourhood Plan is referred to in the evidence or
- is any other case where there is a reason to believe that the outcome may be electorally sensitive.
Each decision as to whether an appeal decision should be held back is taken on the circumstances of the case by senior managers in the Planning Inspectorate.
We shall of course ensure that any such decision delayed for the reasons above is issued promptly after the election results are announced.
Published: 1 January 2014
Updated: 4 May 2017
- Monthly Figures updated
- Advice on impact of local elections added
- Monthly figures updated
- Timescales updated
- The monthly figures and the way they are set out have been updated
- Monthly figures updated
- Figures updated
- figures updated
- Monthly figures updated
- Updated figures
- First published.