Reviews of marking and moderation (previously known as enquiries about results) for GCSE and A level summer exam series in England, Wales and Northern Ireland.
- The total number of reviews decreased by 25%, from 572,400 in summer 2015, to 427,100 in summer 2016. In 2015, 2.5% of all GCSE, AS and A level entries were subject to review, this decreased to 2.0% in 2016.
- These reviews relate to 371,600 qualification grades in 2016 (reviews are submitted for individual assessments and so more than one review can be submitted for the same qualification). In 2015, 6.0% of all GCSE, AS and A level grades awarded were challenged, this decreased to 4.8% in 2016.
- In total, 67,900 qualification grades were changed, down from 90,950 in 2015, or a 25% decrease. This means 18% of all GCSE, AS and A level qualification grades challenged were changed, slightly lower than in 2015 (19%).
- Overall, 0.9% of GCSE, AS and A level qualification grades awarded in 2016 were changed - this percentage is the lowest since 2013.
- Turnaround times by exam boards were shorter in summer 2016 for services 1 and 2. Non-priority reviews of marking took 7 days on average, compared with 9 days for GCSE and 8 days for AS and A levels in 2015. AS and A level priority reviews of marking took 5 days on average, which was the same as in 2015.
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This publication was previously known as Enquiries about results for GCSE and A level. The change of name was required to reflect recent changes in rules for reviewing candidate results which came into effect in August 2016. Ofqual made changes to the rules following two user consultations published in May and July 2016.