Since the introduction of the minimising and managing physical restraint (MMPR) data collection system, the Youth Justice Board for England and Wales (YJB) has received data on every use of force carried out under this system. The data includes, among other things, details on the technique used, the reason for the use of force, protected characteristics of the young people involved, and any injuries. The data collection system has been designed to enable understanding of how MMPR is being used by secure establishments.
The publication of the data on the first 13 months’ use of MMPR at Rainsbrook and Oakhill secure training centres (STCs) and Wetherby and Hindley young offenders Institutions (YOIs) (March 2013 to March 2014) reflects the government’s commitment to provide greater openness and transparency by improving the quality and frequency of communication with stakeholders on restraint-related issues.
A supplementary narrative aims to:
- provide statistical analysis of the data
- help readers to understand and contextualise the statistics
- explain the processes in place for the monitoring and scrutiny of use of force incidents
- explain what factors can influence reported levels of use of force
- highlight any disproportionate levels of use of force for particular groups of young people
Although the data collected under the MMPR system is rich in terms of detail and quality, there are a number of limitations and constraints which need to be considered. As the data is limited to the first 13 months’ use of MMPR at Rainsbrook STC, and shorter periods for the other 3 establishments, there are limitations to identifying any definitive patterns or trends. As more data is collected over a longer period of time, from a greater number of establishments, firmer evidence will emerge.