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This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-house-price-index-summary-october-2018/uk-house-price-index-summary-october-2018
1. Headline statistics for October 2018
the average price of a property in the UK was
the annual price change for a property in the UK was
the monthly price change for a property in the UK was
the monthly index figure (January 2015 = 100) for the UK was
Estimates for the most recent months are provisional and are likely to be updated as more data is incorporated into the index. Read Revisions to the UK HPI data.
Next publication of UK HPI
The November 2018 UK HPI will be published at 9.30am on Wednesday 16 January 2019. See the calendar of release dates.
2. Economic statement
UK house prices grew by 2.7% in the year to October 2018, down from 3.0% in the year to September 2018. This is the lowest annual growth for the UK since July 2013, when house prices increased by 2.3%.
House prices grew fastest in the North West region, increasing by 4.9% in the year to October 2018. House prices in London fell by 1.7% in the year to October 2018. London house prices have been falling over the year each month since July 2018.
The Bank of England November inflation report highlights that the slowdown in the London market since mid 2016 is probably due to the area being disproportionately affected by regulatory and tax changes, and also by lower net migration from the European Union.
The Bank of England’s Agents’ summary of business conditions for 2018 quarter 3 reported that the housing market appeared to have softened a little with few transactions and weaker price inflation in many areas. Sales of lower-priced new-build houses continued to be supported by the Help to Buy scheme.
The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors’ (RICS) UK Residential Market Survey for October 2018 reported a sustained softening in demand over recent months with affordability, political uncertainty and lack of fresh stock listed as factors affecting activity. In terms of housing supply, nearly all UK regions saw a monthly decline in new instructions with average stock levels remaining close to their all-time low.
The UK Property Transactions Statistics for October 2018 showed that on a seasonally adjusted basis, the number of transactions on residential properties with a value of £40,000 or greater was 102,530. This is 1.3% higher than a year ago. Between September and October 2018, transactions increased by 0.9%.
3. Price changes
3.1 Annual price change
Annual price change for UK by country over the past 5 years
Download this chart’s data (CSV, 1KB)
Average house prices in the UK increased by 2.7% in the year to October 2018 (down from 3.0% in September 2018).
At the country level, the largest annual price growth was recorded in Scotland, increasing by 4.4% over the year to October 2018.
Wales saw house prices increase by 3.8% over the last 12 months.
In England, the average price increased by 2.4% over the year.
The average price in Northern Ireland increased by 4.8% over the year to quarter 3 (July to Sept) 2018.
3.2 Average price by country and government office region
Price, monthly change and annual change by country and government office region
|Country and government office region||Price||Monthly change||Annual change|
|Northern Ireland (Quarter 3 - 2018)||£135,060||2.3%||4.8%|
|East of England||£294,548||0.5%||2.1%|
|West Midlands Region||£196,073||-1.1%||3.8%|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||£163,858||1.0%||4.4%|
Price changes by country and government office region
On a non-seasonally adjusted basis, average house prices in the UK decreased by 0.2% between September 2018 and October 2018, compared with an increase of 0.1% in average prices during the same period a year earlier (September 2017 and October 2017). On a seasonally adjusted basis, average house prices in the UK increased by 0.2% between September 2018 and October 2018.
Note that the Northern Ireland figure represents a three-month change and is not comparable with the other regions and countries.
3.3 Average price by property type
Average monthly price by property type
|Property type||October 2018||October 2017||Difference|
|Flat or maisonette||£205,875||£203,414||1.2%|
4. Sales volumes
The amount of time between the sale of a property and the registration of this information varies. It typically ranges between 2 weeks and 2 months but can be longer. Volume figures for the most recent two months are not yet at a reliable level for reporting, so they are not included in the report. Published transactions for recent months will increase as later registered transactions are incorporated into the index.
Sales volume data is also available by property status (new build and existing property) and funding status (cash and mortgage) in our downloadable data tables. Transactions involving the creation of a new register, such as new builds, are more complex and require more time to process. Read Revisions to the UK HPI data for more information.
4.1 Sales volumes
Number of sales volumes by country
|Country||August 2018||August 2017|
|Northern Ireland (Quarter 3 - 2018)||5,722||6,533|
Note: The ‘Difference’ column has been removed from this table as the latest month’s data are not yet complete.
The estimate for August 2018 is calculated based on around 85% of the final registered transactions. The number of property transactions for August 2018 will increase as more transactions are incorporated into the index.
Comparing the provisional volume estimate for August 2017 to the provisional estimate for August 2018, volume transactions increased by 5.1% in England, 12.0% in Scotland, 7.3% in Wales and 4.9% in Northern Ireland.
UK Property Transaction Statistics published by HM Revenue & Customs (which differ in coverage but are more complete for this period) report that on a non-seasonally adjusted basis, volume transactions increased by 2.8% in England, 10.7% in Scotland and 5.6% in Wales in the year to August 2018.
4.2 Sales volumes for the UK over the past 5 years
Sales volumes for 2014 to 2018 by country: August
The estimate for August 2018 is calculated based on around 85% of the final registered transactions. The number of property transactions for August 2018 will increase as more transactions are incorporated into the index. See our Revisions Policy for more information.
Comparing the provisional volume estimate for August 2017 to the provisional estimate for August 2018, volume transactions increased by 5.9%.
UK Property Transaction Statistics published by HM Revenue & Customs (which differ in coverage but are more complete for this period), report that on a seasonally adjusted basis, UK volume transactions increased by 4.1% in the year to August 2018.
5. Property status for UK
Transactions involving the creation of a new register, such as new builds, are more complex and need more time to process. This means they can take longer to appear in the land registers. The volume of new build transactions for the most recent 2 months are not at a reliable level for reporting the breakdown between new build and existing resold property, so they are not included in the report.
New build and existing resold property
|Property status||Average price August 2018||Monthly change||Annual change|
|Existing resold property||£228,193||0.3%||2.7%|
Note: since October 2017 release, amendments have been made to our estimation model when calculating our provisional estimate. Find out further information and the impact of this change in methods used to produce the UK HPI.
6. Buyer status for Great Britain
First time buyer and former owner occupier
For Great Britain only, Northern Ireland data is not available for buyer status.
|Type of buyer||Average price October 2018||Monthly change||Annual change|
|First time buyer||£194,611||-0.1%||2.5%|
|Former owner occupier||£268,467||-0.3%||2.9%|
7. Funding status for Great Britain
Cash and mortgage
For Great Britain only, Northern Ireland data is not available for funding status.
|Funding status||Average price October 2018||Monthly change||Annual change|
8. Access the data
9. About the UK House Price Index
The UK House Price Index (UK HPI) is calculated by the Office for National Statistics and Land & Property Services Northern Ireland. Find out about the methodology used to create the UK HPI.
Data for the UK House Price Index is provided by HM Land Registry, Registers of Scotland, The Land & Property Services/Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency and the Valuation Office Agency.
Find out more about the UK House Price Index.
David Lockett, Product Manager, HM Land Registry
Telephone 0300 0068317
Rhys Lewis, Head of Housing Market Indices, Office for National Statistics
Telephone 01633 456400
Ciara Cunningham, Statistician for the Northern Ireland HPI
Telephone 028 90 336035
Ailsa Robertson, Land & Property Data Team Manager, Registers of Scotland
Telephone 0131 357 8193