Romanisation systems

Guidance on the US Board on Geographic Names (BGN)/Permanent Committee on Geographical Names (PCGN) romanisation systems.


Roman script spelling conventions

Abkhaz romanisation

Adyghe romanisation

Afghanistan romanisation

Arabic romanisation

Avar romanisation

Baluchi romanisation

Chinese characters romanisation

Greek romanisation

Hebrew romanisation

Kazakh romanisation

Kurdish romanisation

Kyrgyz romanisation

Lao romanisation

Nepali romanisation

Pashto romanisation

Rusyn romanisation

Shan romanisation

Syriac romanisation

Tajik romanisation

Thai romanisation

Udmurt romanisation

Urdu romanisation

Yakut romanisation


Guidance on BGN/PCGN romanisation systems jointly agreed by the US Board on Geographic Names and PCGN for the romanisation of non Roman script geographical names.

These are the romanisation systems and tables of correspondences currently approved by PCGN and BGN. The date on each system is that of its joint adoption by BGN and PCGN. The systems and tables are regularly reviewed and all those listed here are in current use.

The Unicode Consortium For more information on displaying and using letter-diacritic combinations and non-Roman characters.

The United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names established a Working Group on Romanization Systems to consider and reach agreement on romanisation systems proposed by national official bodies for the treatment of names in non Roman scripts.

Published 1 July 2014
Last updated 13 September 2017 + show all updates
  1. Added Rusyn romanisation.
  2. Updated Armenian, Belarusian, and Russian Romanisation systems.
  3. Updated Armenian, Belarusian and Russian romanisation documents.
  4. Added updated Japanese and Khmer documents.
  5. Updated the Lao romanisation document.
  6. Added updated Bulgarian Romanization system.
  7. Added revised romanization versions for Bulgarian, Macedonian and Tajik.
  8. Added updated Russian Romanization system.
  9. Updated the Russian romanisation document.
  10. Added updated Russian Romanization system.
  11. Added Macedonian and Tigrinya romanisation systems.
  12. Updated Urdu and Yakut Romanisation systems and several tables of correspondences.
  13. Added Romanisation system document for Kyrgyz, Updated the 2 Korean documents, as well as the LAO, Macedonian, Maldivian, Modern Syriac, Mongolian, Napali, Ossetian, Russian, Shan, Thai, Udmurt, and Ukrainian.
  14. Updated romanisation syetsm documents for Abkhaz, Adyghe, Amharic, Armenian, Avar, Belarusian, Bulgarian, Burmese, Chuvash, Dzongha, Georgian, Greek, Kabardian, Kazakh and Khmer.
  15. Updated the Afghan Romanisation as the previously published edition was not displaying correctly.
  16. First published.