Transparency data

Rail subsidy per passenger mile

Input indicator, broken down by rail franchise, published annually from May 2011.

Documents

Subsidy per passenger mile

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Measurement template

Detail

DfT Business Plan input indicator

Geographical coverage: DfT franchised train operators (Great Britain)

Information broken down by: Train operator and type of subsidy

Latest data

The total subsidy to DfT franchised train operators was 5.6 pence per passenger mile in 2014 to 2015, down from 6.8 pence per passenger mile in 2013 to 2014.

For this indicator, total subsidy includes:

  • (a) subsidy paid directly to train operators by government
  • (b) an allocation of the Network Grant (that is, payments made directly to Network Rail)
  • this is calculated by taking the total Network Grant, apportioned according to each franchise’s share of fixed track access charges

Rail subsidy per passenger mile by Train Operating Company (TOC)1

View this data in an interactive chart

  a   b   c (= a + b)  
  Train operator subsidy per passenger mile (pence)   Network Grant per passenger mile (pence)   Total subsidy per passenger mile (pence)  
Train Operating Company 2013-14 2014-15 2013-14 2014-15 2013-14 2014-15
c2c -0.6 -2.7 6.3 7.1 5.6 4.4
Chiltern Railways -0.7 -4.0 8.5 6.2 7.9 2.2
CrossCountry 1.6 -2.3 14.0 10.5 15.6 8.3
East Coast2 -6.5 -8.3 5.9 8.2 -0.6 0.0
East Midlands Trains 0.3 -5.7 12.9 10.2 13.1 4.6
First Capital Connect3 -8.5 -7.2 4.6 8.6 -3.9 1.4
First Great Western -2.1 -1.7 8.5 8.5 6.4 6.8
First TransPennine Express 6.0 3.8 10.9 9.5 16.8 13.3
Govia Thameslink Railway3 - -7.3 - 8.1 - 0.8
Greater Anglia -5.9 -6.7 7.5 9.3 1.5 2.6
London Midland 4.5 4.3 9.1 12.3 13.6 16.6
Northern Rail 25.8 16.6 25.7 17.6 51.5 34.2
South West Trains -8.3 -9.7 6.6 6.3 -1.7 -3.4
Southeastern 3.6 1.2 8.8 8.2 12.4 9.4
Southern -5.9 -6.4 6.5 6.1 0.6 -0.3
Virgin Trains East Coast2 - -6.3 - 7.4 - 1.1
Virgin Trains West Coast -2.6 -2.2 7.3 9.8 4.7 7.6
All DfT franchised TOCs -1.8 -3.3 8.7 8.9 6.8 5.6

1Negative figures reflect where train operators were paying a premium to DfT rather than receiving a subsidy.

2The East Coast franchise ended on 1 March 2015 when Virgin Trains East Coast took over the franchise.

3The First Capital Connect franchise ended on 14 September 2014 when Govia Thameslink Railway took over the franchise.

Source: Department for Transport, Office of Rail and Road

In 2014 to 2015, 3 train operators had a negative subsidy per passenger mile, meaning that they paid government a larger premium than the effective subsidies they received via the Network Grant payment to Network Rail. These operators were South West Trains, Southern and East Coast.

Northern Rail received the highest subsidy per passenger mile of 34.2 pence per mile in 2014 to 2015.

The subsidy per passenger mile Excel table contains a more detailed breakdown of the subsidy figures for each train operator.

Background information

This indicator provides information about the amount of subsidy paid to Train Operating Companies, both directly by the Department for Transport and indirectly via grants to Network Rail.

There is no recognised rule for allocating the network grant across franchises. The distribution of fixed track access charges has been used to allocate the network grant by train operator.

Publishing schedule: annual
Last updated: 27 August 2015
Next update: August 2016

Further information about this indicator can be found in the measurement template.

Subsidy data published by the Office of Rail and Road

Network Grant estimates derived from DfT internal management information are apportioned between train operators in proportion to fixed track charges. The fixed track charges schedule is available on the Office of Rail and Road’s website

Further information

If you would like further information on this indicator, please contact DfT rail statistics team
Business Plan 2012 to 2015
Input and impact indicators