Otters: apply for a mitigation licence (A45)

Apply for a licence to do development or other work that may affect otters and find out how to report your actions.


Otters: mitigation licence application form (A45)

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You must apply for a mitigation licence if your work will have impacts on otters that would otherwise be illegal, such as:

  • capturing, killing, disturbing or injuring them (on purpose or by not taking enough care)
  • damaging or destroying their breeding or resting places (even accidentally)
  • obstructing access to their resting or sheltering places (on purpose or by not taking enough care)

Find out how otters are protected.

What you must send

When applying for a mitigation licence, you should complete the application form (A45).

You also need to provide:

  • a method statement to show what you’ll do to reduce the impacts of the proposed work on otters
  • a reasoned statement to show that the activity fits the criteria and that there is no satisfactory alternative
  • references to show that the ecological consultant has the necessary experience to apply for a mitigation licence (references won’t be needed if they’ve held a mitigation licence for the same species in the last 3 years)

If the application is for a phased or multi-plot development, you should provide:

  • a master plan
  • a habitat management and maintenance plan

Licences are free. Natural England will decide whether to issue a licence within 30 working days of receiving your application

How to report your actions

You must report any actions you took using this licence on the European protected species return form (LR13). You must report no later than 2 weeks after your licence expires, even if you’ve taken no action. You may be asked to submit interim reports too.

Send your completed form by post or email to Natural England using the details on the form.

Published 6 October 2014
Last updated 6 September 2018 + show all updates
  1. Replaced otter licence application form A45 with revised version.
  2. Replaced otter licence application form A45 with revised version.
  3. Updated version of application form added.
  4. First published.