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An emerging infection is either a newly recognised, clinically distinct infectious disease or a known disease whose reported incidence within the past two decades is increasing in a given place or among a specific population.
This report covers the activity of the Panel during the period January 1 to December 31 2008.
The National Expert Panel on New and Emerging Infections (NEPNEI) was established in 2003, to provide independent expert advice to the England Chief Medical Officer (CMO) on the public health risk from new and emerging infections. The Panel assesses risks based upon scientific evidence and best available clinical and epidemiological expertise. The Panel seeks wider input from experts in their field to augment its own expertise as appropriate. The secretariat is provided by the Health Protection Agency (HPA) on behalf of the Department of Health.