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Geographical names index

Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office's (FCDO) current list of approved British English-language names for countries and territories.



These are the current British English-language names and descriptive terms for countries and territories, as well as their citizens. These names are approved by the Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCDO).

The information in the list of country names comes from FCDO’s country register. The country register also contains historical names for countries.

In both lists, ‘country’ is the 2-letter ISO 3166-1 code for the country.

The ‘name’ is FCDO’s approved name for the country. This should always be used to describe the country.

The citizen names in the lists aren’t the legal names for the citizen. They don’t relate to the citizen’s ethnicity.

Published 8 March 2013
Last updated 21 October 2020 + show all updates
  1. New guidance added on the list of approved British English language names and descriptive terms for countries.

  2. Country names updated

  3. Updated country name Macedonia to North Macedonia

  4. Updated list of country names

  5. Country names list updated.

  6. Country names and Country and Territory names (HTML) files updated.

  7. Updated lists of countries and territories.

  8. FCO geographical names index - updated attachment.

  9. Updated with latest information.

  10. Updated with amended information.

  11. Update of both documents.

  12. First published.

  13. Updated Document.