GCSE and A level exams: how marking and grading works

Learn how qualifications are marked and graded, and how grade boundaries are set.

This publication was withdrawn on

This document is a historical guide to how exams were marked but is now out-of-date.

Applies to England



This guidance outlines how GCSE, AS and A level exams are marked and graded. It explains the steps used to set grade boundaries, and looks at the difference between raw marks and the Uniform Mark Scheme (UMS).

Updates to this page

Published 14 March 2013

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