GCSE and A level exams: how marking and grading works

This publication was withdrawn on

This document is a historical guide to how exams were marked but is now out-of-date.

Learn how qualifications are marked and graded, and how grade boundaries are set.



This guidance outlines how GCSE, AS and A level exams are marked and graded. It explains the steps used to set grade boundaries, and looks at the difference between raw marks and the Uniform Mark Scheme (UMS).