Globally 94% of marine protected areas (MPAs) allow fishing (Costello and Ballantine 2015. MMO is responsible for implementation of management measures to ensure fishing is compatible with the conservation objectives of English MPAs, while minimising the socio-economic impact of such MPA measures. Where fishing is not compatible with an MPA’s conservation objectives, it is excluded. This requirement is to identify solutions that enhance compatibility and potentially enable fishing activity.
This requirement includes identifying examples of successful approaches or measures from comparable habitats and fisheries around the world and considering areas of best practice that could help inform development of MMO measures. In particular, the MMO is interested in measures to ensure effective and proportionate protection of ephemeral and mobile species.