Policy paper

2010 to 2015 government policy: human rights internationally

Published 7 May 2015

This is a copy of a document that stated a policy of the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government. The previous URL of this page was https://www.gov.uk/government/policies/promoting-human-rights-internationally. Current policies can be found at the GOV.UK policies list.

Issue

Many people around the world are denied their human rights every day.

The UK government supports human rights, democracy and good governance around the world to increase Britain’s security, to protect British citizens overseas, and to secure political freedom globally.

Actions

The Human Rights and Democracy Programme supports various projects, including those aimed at: preventing torture, abolishing the death penalty, increasing people’s freedom of expression, giving people freedom of religious belief, achieving gender equality and enabling them to take part in free elections.

Human Rights and Democracy: the 2014 Foreign & Commonwealth Office Report explains the government’s work to create democratic societies and promote human rights.

Democracy and the rule of law

The government supports democracy and the rule of law in a range of different ways. These include funding non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to increase citizen participation in political debate, reforming the European Court of Human Rights and working with regional and inter-governmental organisations and through the Westminster Foundation for Democracy.

Preventing torture

The government is working with other countries and organisations to prevent torture by funding projects to make criminal justice systems fairer and developing national organisations that can effectively monitor places of detention.

Abolishing the death penalty

The government is working with the EU and the UN to persuade other countries to abolish the death penalty. Our Strategy for Abolition of the Death Penalty 2010-2015 explains how the government persuades other governments to abolish the death penalty, funds projects to restrict the use of the death penalty and raises individual cases of British nationals sentenced to death overseas.

Supporting people’s freedom of expression

The government supports freedom of expression, including on the Internet, and will continue to press countries that restrict access to online media to uphold their international human rights commitments.

We believe that the right to freedom of expression applies, in principle, with equal force in cyberspace as elsewhere. We work with other countries to build a wider consensus about freedom of expression on the internet and to guard against the growing trend of political repression.

The UK joined the Freedom Online Coalition, a coalition of like-minded states that shares information on violations of freedom of expression and other human rights online, and cooperates in supporting and protecting human rights online.

Equality and non-discrimination

The UK works to support equality and non-discrimination for all people, including gender equality; upholding the rights of minority groups and lesbian, gay and transgender people; supporting the freedom of religion and belief.

Business and Human Rights

The government expects UK businesses to operate at all times in a way that is respectful of people’s human rights. In 2013, the UK launched a national action plan on business and human rights, becoming the first country to set out guidance to companies on integrating human rights into their operations.

In it we make clear the government’s duty to protect and promote human rights in the business context, outline our commitments to encourage good business practice by UK companies both domestically and internationally, and provide advice to UK companies to help them understand and manage human rights risk as part of their commercial activities.

The action plan is based on the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights endorsed in the UN Human Rights Council in June 2011.

Background

Who we’re working with

The UN Human Rights Council is the UN’s primary body for discussion and action on human rights issues. The UK is proud to have been re-elected to the Human Rights Council for the 2014-16 term. We were pleased with the outcomes from 2014, our first year back on the Council – during which we played an influential role to help the international community shine a light on human rights violations in many parts of the world, not least in Syria, DPRK and Sri Lanka. The Council has also achieved some notable successes on difficult thematic issues, including the UN’s second ever resolution on sexual orientation. We will continue to honour our ‘pledges and commitments’ and push for an effective Council.

We also seek complementary action on human rights in other parts of the UN, including through the Third Committee of the UN General Assembly, where all UN members can vote.

Based in The Hague, the International Criminal Court (ICC) is the first ever permanent court with the jurisdiction to prosecute individuals accused of the most serious crimes of international concern: genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. The Court was established by the Rome Statute for the International Criminal Court. The ICC is an independent international organisation, and is not part of the United Nations system.

The Advisory Group of Human Rights, which consists of non-governmental experts, was created in 2010 to give the Foreign Secretary the best possible information about human rights challenges; and for the Foreign Office to benefit from outside advice on the conduct of its policy. The group discusses a wide range of human rights issues including those relating to conflict, security and counter-terrorism, the events of the Arab Spring, freedom of religion or belief, and business and human rights.

The UK has signed up to international commitments on gender equality, including the UN Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and its Optional Protocol, and the non-binding Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action for Women. The Government Equalities Office works with all UK government departments and the Devolved Administrations to ensure that we meet these commitments.

We work with UN Women to support gender equality, particularly through participating in the UN Commission on the Status of Women.

We work with the major EU institutions: the European Commission, the Council of the European Union (the Member States), the European Parliament to support equality and combat discrimination. We contribute to the development of common standards and regulations to protect UK interests and support best practices on equality.

We participate in a number of European Commission run groups on equality where we support UK policy and exchange best practice, including, EU Non-discrimination Governmental Expert Group, EU Commission’s Advisory Committee on Equal Opportunities for women and men and EU High-level Group on Gender Mainstreaming.

Within the Council of the European union, the governments of the EU Member States negotiate on equality and non-discrimination matters at the Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council.

The Council of Europe seeks to develop common and democratic principles based on the European Convention on Human Rights. Its work includes promoting gender equality and more recently lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGB&T) equality.

The Coalition Government is committed to strengthening its commitments with the Commonwealth. As a member of the Commonwealth, the UK supports the Commonwealth Gender Plan of Action (2005-2015). We work across the UK Government to implement our commitments in the Gender Plan of Action. We also liaise across government to co-ordinate, negotiate and present the UK’s position on gender equality, including the Women’s Affairs Ministerial Meeting (WAMM) and the Commonwealth Heads Of Government Meeting (CHOGM).

Appendix 1: Preventing Sexual Violence Initiative (PSVI):紛争下の性的暴力防止イニシアティブ

This was a supporting detail page of the main policy document.

紛争下での性的暴力とは

性的暴力は紛争で武力として使われており、今まで話題にされることがありませんでした。それは意図的な行為です。それは紛争下のあらゆる人に影響を及ぼします:女性だけではなく、年齢に関係なく男性や子供も被害に遭います。 これは世界的な問題です。時代、文化、地域を問わずに発生します。これまでコロンビア、ボスニア、コソボ、ミャンマー、フィリピンなどで発生しました。ルワンダ紛争においては、100日間で50万人の女性がレイプされました。現在でも、シリア紛争など、多くの場所で性的暴力が報告されています。

PSVI: 私たちは何を行っているか

PSVIは「紛争での性的暴力を防止するためのイニシアティブ」です。現在と未来の紛争で性的暴力を武器として使う行為を防止することです。

  • 2012年5月:ヘイグ英国外務大臣と、アンジェリーナ・ジョリー国連難民高等弁務官特使がPSVIを立ち上げました。
  • 2013年4月:G8閣僚がロンドンで「紛争下の性的暴力防止に関する宣言」に合意。日本もこれに署名しました。
  • 2013年9月:ニューヨークの国連総会で「紛争下の性的暴力終焉のためのコミットメントの宣言」がスタートされました。現在、140以上の政府がこの宣言を承認しています。

2014年6月10日-13日:ヘイグ外務大臣とアンジェリーナ・ジョリー氏は今年、紛争下の性的暴力終焉のためのグローバルサミットを共同で開催します。

皆様に何をお願いしたいか

2つのことをお願いしたいと思います。

  • 第一に、この問題は日本ではまだよく理解されていません。強い影響力をお持ちの皆様方が、この問題について他の議員の先生方やジャーナリスト、そして日本国民に発信することで、そうした状況を変えてくださることを願っています。
  • 第二に、同じく皆様方の力によって、サミット後も日本政府の意識や活動を高いレベルで維持していただきたいと思います。日本はすでにPSVIの力強いパートナー、重要な貢献者ですが、さらに、開発プロジェクトや人道対応、平和維持訓練といった外交政策に、PSVIを積極的に組み込んでいただきたいと存じます。

日本がもっとできることは

  • 国際プロトコル(議定書)の支持: 紛争下の性的暴力に対処するうえでの最良のやり方を示す、この新しいプロトコルを日本が支持してくださることを期待します。実践的経験を持つ国際的な専門家が最終案をまとめますが、それ自体に法的拘束力はありません。
  • 法改正への支援: 日本はアジアやアフリカで法律関連のキャパシティー・ビルディング(能力開発)をたくさん手がけられています。日本に拠点を置く国連組織、UNAFEI(ユナフェイ)などとも協力しながら、取り組みにPSVIを組み込んでいただく方法を考えています。
  • 緊急事態にある生存者への支援: 米国は、人道上の緊急事態における女性や少女への支援を、世界の先頭に立って呼びかけています。日本が今後の開発および人道対応業務にPSVIの要素を取り入れてくださることを願っています。
  • 治安部門の改革: 安全保障政策を見直す際、PSVIについても考慮いただきたいと思います。日本のPKO部隊が今後、PSVIに対応ができるようになることを期待します。また、日本が他国のPKO部隊を教育する場合にも、PSVIの要素を含めていただければと考えます。