First Lord of the Treasury , Minister for the Civil Service and Prime Minister

The Rt Hon Theresa May MP

Biography

Theresa May became Prime Minister on 13 July 2016. Theresa served as Home Secretary from May 2010 until July 2016. She was elected Conservative MP for Maidenhead in May 1997.

Education

Theresa had a varied education, spanning both the state and private sectors and attending both grammar school and comprehensive school. She studied geography at St Hugh’s College, Oxford University.

Political career

Theresa has been involved in politics at all levels for many years, beginning by stuffing envelopes at her local Conservative association before going on to be a councillor in the London borough of Merton from 1986 to 1994. During her time at Merton, Theresa was Chair of Education from 1988 to 1990 and Deputy Group Leader and Housing Spokesperson from 1992 to 1994.

Theresa was elected MP for Maidenhead in May 1997, after which she held several shadow positions, including:

  • Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Employment 1999 to 2001
  • Shadow Secretary of State for Transport, Local Government and the Regions 2001 to 2002
  • Shadow Secretary of State for the Family 2004 to 2005
  • Shadow Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport 2005
  • Shadow Leader of the House of Commons 2005 to 2009
  • Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Women and Equalities 2010 to 2012

Theresa served as Home Secretary from May 2010 until July 2016.

Career outside politics

After starting her career at the Bank of England, Theresa went on to the Association for Payment Clearing Services, firstly as Head of the European affairs unit from 1989 to 1996 and then as Senior Adviser on international affairs from 1996 to 1997.

First Lord of the Treasury

The First Lord of the Treasury is one of the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury. This role is usually held by the Prime Minister.

Since the 17th century, the Lords Commissioners of the Treasury have collectively carried out duties that were previously held by the Lord High Treasurer (head of Her Majesty’s Treasury).

The Lords Commissioners of the Treasury also include:

10 Downing Street is the official residence of the First Lord of the Treasury, and not of the Prime Minister.

Minister for the Civil Service

The Minister for the Civil Service is responsible for regulating the Civil Service.

The Civil Service (Management Functions) Act of 1992, allows the Minister for the Civil Service to delegate power to other ministers and devolved administrations.

This role was created in 1968 and is always held by the Prime Minister.

Prime Minister

The Prime Minister is head of the UK government and is ultimately responsible for the policy and decisions of the government.

As head of the UK government the Prime Minister also:

  • oversees the operation of the Civil Service and government agencies
  • appoints members of the government
  • is the principal government figure in the House of Commons

Previous roles in government

  1. Minister for Women and Equalities

    • 2010 to 2012
  2. Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Women and Equalities

    • 2010 to 2012
  3. Secretary of State for the Home Department

    • 2010 to 2016

Announcements

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  1. PM call with Czech Prime Minister Sobotka: 29 September 2016

    • Press release
  2. Prime Minister's statement on the death of Shimon Peres

    • Press release
  3. PM phone call with Belgian PM Charles Michel: 27 September 2016

    • Press release
  4. PM meeting with President Anastasiades of Cyprus: 27 September 2016

    • Press release
  5. Resignation of Lord O'Neill and PM response

    • News story
  6. PM meeting with Defence Chiefs: 22 September 2016

    • Press release
  7. PM speech at Leaders Summit on Refugees: 20 September 2016

    • Speech
  8. Theresa May's speech to the UN General Assembly

    • Speech
  9. Prime Minister urges international action to stamp out modern slavery

    • Press release
  10. Prime Minister seeks UN action to make air travel safer

    • News story