Building on the lessons drawn from the Iraq Inquiry, the Conflict, Stability and Security Fund (CSSF) is an important driver of the government’s Fusion Doctrine (referenced in the National Security Capability Review). This aims to improve the way cross-government capability is brought together.
The National Security Council (NSC), which includes Secretaries of State and is chaired by the Prime Minister, sets the CSSF’s strategic direction. It is guided by the priorities set out in the 2015 Strategic Defence and Security Review and the UK aid Strategy. It supports the delivery of 2 national security objectives:
- Protect Our People
- Project Our Global Influence
And 3 UK Aid objectives:
- Strengthening Global Peace, Security and Governance
- Strengthening Resilience and Response to Crises
- Tackling Extreme Poverty and Helping the World’s most Vulnerable
About the CSSF
Launched in 2015, the CSSF is a £1.26 billion annual cross-government fund. It has been a catalyst for a more integrated UK government response to fragility and conflict. Over the last 5 years the CSSF has transformed the way the UK responds to conflict and fragility overseas. It enables 12 government departments and agencies to address security priorities in a collaborative way.
The CSSF operates in 84 countries and territories, delivering more than 90 programmes with a budget that is split between official development assistance (ODA) and other funding sources. This gives the fund a broader geographic and thematic reach than departments could achieve on their own.
Delivering the CSSF
The CSSF works to build peace and stability in countries at risk of instability as well as in regions suffering from long running conflicts. CSSF programmes deliver a wide range of activity including:
- Lebanon: CSSF funding supported the Lebanese Armed Forces to secure their border with Syria for the first time. Farmers are now farming border territory, with some returning to land they have not seen in 50 years
- Colombia: the CSSF is supporting the Government of Colombia to implement the peace agreement, rejuvenating local communities and tackling the threats from serious and organised crime and deforestation
- Pakistan: the CSSF supported Pakistan’s Election Commission’s (ECP’s) campaign to bolster women’s participation in elections through civic outreach, street theatre, social media and radio. Overall, UK support to the ECP’s gender strategy led to the inclusion of an additional 3.1 million women to the electoral roll. According to media reports, around 9 million more women voted in July 2018 elections, compared to last general elections in 2013
- Kenya: CSSF funding has supported the establishment of the first dedicated Anti Human Trafficking and Child Protection Unit in Africa. This has already safeguarded over 400 children and allowed survivors of sexual violence to give evidence in a UK court over video link from Kenya. It secured an 18-year sentence for a UK paedophile, and rescued dozens of human trafficking victims in Nairobi and elsewhere
Details of the CSSF’s spend for the previous financial year are included in the CSSF annual report 2018 to 2019. Details of budget allocations for the 2018 to 2019 financial year were reported to Parliament through a written ministerial statement.
The Joint Funds Unit manages the CSSF, and also provides oversight for the Prosperity Fund.
The CSSF’s Senior Responsible Officer is the Deputy National Security Advisor. The National Security Council (NSC) guides the CSSF’s strategic direction.
The NSC ensures both the CSSF and the Prosperity Fund are clearly aligned with NSC and UK government objectives, and can demonstrate their effect against these strategic priorities.
These include information on the CSSF’s governance, approach to risk, conflict sensitivity and gender.
See also the annual review summaries and the programme summaries.