Press release

UK House Price Index for October 2017

The UK House Price Index (UK HPI) shows house price changes for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

Annual price change by country

The October data shows:

  • an annual price rise of 4.5%, which takes the average property value in the UK to £223,807
  • house prices have fallen by 0.5% since September 2017

England

The data for England shows:

  • an annual price rise of 4.7% which takes the average property value to £240,860
  • house prices have fallen by 0.6% since September 2017

The regional data indicates that:

  • the East Midlands experienced the greatest rise in average property price over the last 12 months, up by 7%
  • the East Midlands and the South West experienced the greatest monthly price rise, both up by 0.2%
  • London saw the lowest annual price rise, up by 2.1%
  • the North West saw the most significant monthly price fall, down by 2%

Price change by region for England

Region Average price October 2017 Annual change % since October 2016 Monthly change % since September 2017
East Midlands £184,544 7.0 0.2
East of England £289,168 6.1 0.1
London £481,102 2.1 -0.9
North East £127,224 2.4 -0.1
North West £154,056 3.9 -2.0
South East £322,311 4.6 -0.5
South West £251,376 6.7 0.2
West Midlands £186,351 5.2 -1.1
Yorkshire and the Humber £155,281 3.3 -1.1

Repossession sales by volume for England

The lowest number of repossession sales in August 2017 was in the East of England.

Repossession sales August 2017
East Midlands 52
East of England 10
London 48
North East 72
North West 103
South East 46
South West 44
Yorkshire and the Humber 99
West Midlands 70
England 544

Average price by property type for England

Property type October 2017 October 2016 Difference %
Detached £367,156 £346,217 6.0
Semi-detached £223,823 £212,661 5.2
Terraced £192,376 £184,854 4.1
Flat/maisonette £225,974 £218,226 3.6
All £240,860 £229,944 4.7

Funding and buyer status for England

Transaction type Average price October 2017 Annual price change % since October 2016 Monthly price change % since September 2017
Cash £226,642 4.8 -0.6
Mortgage £248,023 4.7 -0.6
First-time buyer £201,657 4.3 -0.8
Former owner occupier £273,851 5.1 -0.5

Building status for England

Building status* Average price August 2017 Annual price change % since August 2016 Monthly price change % since July 2017
New build £307,624 11.2 -0.5
Existing resold property £239,032 4.8 0.6

*Figures for the two most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

Sales volumes for England

The most up-to-date HM Land Registry sales figures available for England show:

  • the number of completed house sales in August 2017 fell by 12% to 70,117 compared with 79,655 in August 2016
  • there were 544 repossession sales in August 2017
Month Sales 2017 England Sales 2016 England Difference %
July 68,180 77,919 -12.5
August 70,117 79,655 -12.0

London

The data for London shows:

  • an annual price rise of 2.1% which takes the average property value to £481,102
  • house prices have fallen by 0.9% since September 2017

Average price by property type for London

Property type October 2017 October 2016 Difference %
Detached £915,473 £883,336 3.6
Semi-detached £585,885 £565,977 3.5
Terraced £493,627 £482,452 2.3
Flat/maisonette £424,076 £417,532 1.6
All £481,102 £471,008 2.1

Funding and buyer status for London

Transaction type Average price October 2017 Annual price change % since October 2016 Monthly price change % since September 2017
Cash £505,652 2.1 -0.6
Mortgage £473,471 2.1 -0.9
First-time buyer £419,793 1.6 -1.0
Former owner occupier £544,293 2.7 -0.7

Building status for London

Building status* Average price August 2017 Annual price change % since August 2016 Monthly price change % since July 2017
New build £513,719 8.9 -1.5
Existing resold property £486,855 3.2 0.0

*Figures for the two most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

Sales volumes for London

The most up-to-date HM Land Registry sales figures available for London show;

  • the number of completed house sales in August 2017 fell by 15.8% to 7,186 compared with 8,535 in August 2016
Month Sales 2017 London Sales 2016 London Difference %
July 7,214 8,794 -18.0
August 7,186 8,535 -15.8

Wales

The data for Wales shows:

  • an annual price rise of 4.5% which takes the average property value to £153,316
  • house prices have risen by 0.8% since September 2017

Average price by property type for Wales

Property type October 2017 October 2016 Difference %
Detached £232,632 £221,467 5.0
Semi-detached £147,751 £140,764 5.0
Terraced £117,344 £113,437 3.4
Flat/maisonette £112,457 £106,393 5.7
All £153,316 £146,658 4.5

Funding and buyer status for Wales

Transaction type Average price October 2017 Annual price change % since October 2016 Monthly price change % since September 2017
Cash £149,636 4.4 1.0
Mortgage £155,503 4.6 0.7
First-time buyer £132,074 4.1 0.7
Former owner occupier £178,185 5.0 1.0

Building status for Wales

Building status* Average price August 2017 Annual price change % since August 2016 Monthly price change % since July 2017
New build £205,859 11.6 1.1
Existing resold property £148,981 4.2 1.1

*Figures for the two most recent months are not being published because there are not enough new build transactions to give a meaningful result.

Sales volumes for Wales

The most up-to-date HM Land Registry sales figures available for Wales show:

  • the number of completed house sales in August 2017 fell by 3.4% to 3,982 compared with 4,122 in August 2016
  • there were 68 repossession sales in August 2017
Month Sales 2017 Wales Sales 2016 Wales Difference %
July 3,785 4,057 -6.7
August 3,982 4,122 -3.4

Access the full UK HPI

The UK Property Transaction Statistics showed that the number of seasonally adjusted transactions on UK properties with a value of £40,000 or greater has increased by 9.2% in the year to October 2017. Between September 2017 and October 2017, property transactions increased by 1.7%.

The Bank of England’s Agents’ summary of business conditions reported that housing market demand has strengthened overall but with a divergence between the regions, as there are signs of excess supply in London and the South East but excess demand in the majority of other UK regions.

Looking more closely at regional levels of the UK, the largest annual growth was in the East Midlands at 7%, up from 6.3% in September 2017. It was followed by the South West, which showed annual growth of 6.7%. The slowest annual growth was in London at 2.1%, a fall from 2.9% in September 2017. This is the 11th consecutive month where the growth in London house prices has remained below the UK average. The second slowest annual growth was in the North East at 2.4%.

See the economic statement.

Notes to editors

  1. The UK House Price Index (HPI) is published on the second or third Tuesday of each month with Northern Ireland figures updated quarterly. The November 2017 UK HPI will be published at 9.30am on 16 January 2018. See calendar of release dates.

  2. From this month, we are making some changes to improve the accuracy of the UK HPI. We are not publishing average price and percentage change for new build and existing resold property as we have previously done, because there are not currently enough new build transactions to provide a reliable result. This means that in this month’s UK HPI, the earliest new build/existing resold property breakdown is for August 2017, in line with the sales volumes currently available.

  3. The UK HPI revision period has been extended to 13 months, following a review of the revision policy (see calculating the UK HPI section 4.4). This ensures the data used is more comprehensive.

  4. Sales volume data is also available by property status (new build and existing property) and funding status (cash and mortgage) in our downloadable data tables. Transactions involving the creation of a new register, such as new builds, are more complex and require more time to process. Read Revisions to the UK HPI data.

  5. Revision tables have been introduced for England and Wales within the downloadable data. Tables will be available in csv format. See about the UK HPI for more information.

  6. Data for the UK HPI is provided by HM Land Registry, Registers of Scotland, Land & Property Services/Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency and the Valuation Office Agency.

  7. The UK HPI is calculated by the Office for National Statistics (ONS) andLand & Property Services/Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency. It applies a hedonic regression model that uses the various sources of data on property price, in particular HM Land Registry’s Price Paid Dataset, and attributes to produce estimates of the change in house prices each month. Find out more about the methodology used from the ONS and Northern Ireland Statistics & Research Agency.

  8. The UK Property Transaction statisticsare taken from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) monthly estimates of the number of residential and non-residential property transactions in the UK and its constituent countries. The number of property transactions in the UK is highly seasonal, with more activity in the summer months and less in the winter. This regular annual pattern can sometimes mask the underlying movements and trends in the data series so HMRC also presents the UK aggregate transaction figures on a seasonally adjusted basis. Adjustments are made for both the time of year and the construction of the calendar, including corrections for the position of Easter and the number of trading days in a particular month.

  9. UK HPI seasonally adjusted series are calculated at regional and national levels only. See data tables

  10. The first estimate for new build average price (April 2016 report) was based on a small sample which can cause volatility. A three-month moving average has been applied to the latest estimate to remove some of this volatility.

  11. Work has been taking place since 2014 to develop a single, official HPI that reflects the final transaction price for sales of residential property in the UK. Using the geometric mean, it covers purchases at market value for owner-occupation and buy-to-let, excluding those purchases not at market value (such as re-mortgages), where the ‘price’ represents a valuation.

  12. Information on residential property transactions for England and Wales, collected as part of the official registration process, is provided by HM Land Registry for properties that are sold for full market value.

  13. The HM Land Registry dataset contains the sale price of the property, the date when the sale was completed, full address details, the type of property (detached, semi-detached, terraced or flat), if it is a newly built property or an established residential building and a variable to indicate if the property has been purchased as a financed transaction (using a mortgage) or as a non-financed transaction (cash purchase).

  14. Repossession data is based on the number of transactions lodged with HM Land Registry by lenders exercising their power of sale.

  15. For England, this is shown as volumes of repossessions recorded by Government Office Region. For Wales, there is a headline figure for the number of repossessions recorded in Wales.

  16. The data can be downloaded as a .csv file. Repossession data prior to April 2016 is not available. Find out more information about repossessions.

  17. Background tables of the raw and cleansed aggregated data, in Excel and CSV formats, are also published monthly although Northern Ireland is on a quarterly basis. They are available for free use and re-use under the Open Government Licence.

  18. HM Land Registry’s mission is to guarantee and protect property rights in England and Wales.

  19. HM Land Registry is a government department created in 1862. It operates as an executive agency and a trading fund and its running costs are covered by the fees paid by the users of its services. Its ambition is to become the world’s leading land registry for speed, simplicity and an open approach to data.

  20. HM Land Registry safeguards land and property ownership worth in excess of £4 trillion, including around £1 trillion of mortgages. The Land Register contains more than 25 million titles showing evidence of ownership for some 84% of the land mass of England and Wales.

  21. For further information about HM Land Registry visit www.gov.uk/land-registry

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Senior Press Officer

Marion Shelley
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Press Officer

Paula Dorman
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Published 12 December 2017