Press release

Sharing responsibility for animal health and welfare policy

A new Animal Health and Welfare Board for England will make direct policy recommendations on the health and welfare of all kept animals.

This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government

People affected by Government policy on animal health and welfare will for the first time make recommendations on those policies directly to Ministers, Agriculture Minister Jim Paice announced today.

A new Animal Health and Welfare Board for England will bring experts including farmers, veterinarians, welfare experts and others from outside Government together with the Chief Veterinary Officer and civil servants to make direct policy recommendations on policy affecting the health and welfare of all kept animals such as farm animals, horses and pets.

Jim Paice said:

“This is a completely new way of working.  It replaces the old ways, where the people most affected by decisions were kept at arm’s length from policy making on those subjects.

“This is about the Big Society not just existing in our communities, but in the heart of Government - helping to put the decisions in the hands of those who are doing the work on the ground.

“We’ve already seen the success of a partnership between farmers and the Government with the work that’s been done on bluetongue - which has seen the disease virtually eradicated in this country.”

Final decisions on animal health and welfare policy will remain in the hands of Government Ministers. 

The Board will be made up of around 12 members, 5 senior Defra officials including the Chief Veterinary Officer, and 7-8 external members including the chair.  The external members will have experience and knowledge of kept and farmed animals, animal and veterinary science, and animal welfare, and could be farmers, veterinarians, animal welfare experts. 

The Board and its members will have to represent the views of all stakeholders so will be expected to communicate with them regularly.

The Board’s responsibilities include:

  • setting the strategic policy priorities;
  • development of key policies and how they should be funded;
  • assessing the risk of threats from animal disease and how to manage them;
  • determining the surveillance and research priorities;
  • reviewing and developing contingency plans for dealing with new disease outbreaks; and
  • considering, what if any, charging mechanisms should be introduced.

The Board will not be set up as a non departmental public body or arms length body.  It will form part of the internal structure of Defra.

On 13 December the Independent Responsibility and Cost Sharing Advisory Group chaired by Rosemary Radcliffe published the findings of their work on how animal keepers can play a greater role on tackling animal disease.


The Terms of Reference for the Board can be found at The Written Ministerial Statement can be found below.

We plan to have the Board in place by the second half of 2011.  Details of how people can apply to become members of the board can be found at.  Adverts will appear from 26th April.

The independent Responsibility and Cost Sharing Advisory group report can be found at

The external members of the Board will be appointed on merit through a transparent process and will serve in an individual capacity and to jointly make decisions and provide advice.

The Board will have to communicate with industry to ensure all stakeholders are considered in the Board’s decision-making process.

The Board will not be responsible for animal experimentation, or the welfare of circus and zoo animals other than where a disease risk is present.

Since the Foot and Mouth disease outbreak in 2001 the Government has worked more and more closely with farming and veterinary industry in tackling disease outbreaks.  For example, the close partnership working between Government and industry was key in successfully addressing the outbreaks of bluetongue virus (BTV) in GB. Our recent surveillance has confirmed that we have now had 2 years without circulating BTV in GB, and we hope to be able to move towards official BTV8 free status in the near future.

Animal health and welfare is a devolved policy, and the Board covers England only.  The Government recently devolved the animal health and welfare budget for England, Scotland and Wales

Written Ministerial Statement

Animal Health and Welfare Board for England - Minister of State for Agriculture and Food (James Paice)

I am pleased to announce that the government is setting up a new Animal Health and Welfare Board for England. This is an important step in sharing responsibility for animal health and welfare with animal keepers and other interested parties. The aim is to build trust between government and animal keepers and strengthen arrangements for working together to develop a true partnership.

Animal diseases, whether outbreaks of foot and mouth disease, avian influenza, or bluetongue, or current ones such as bovine TB, or salmonella, can be costly to animal keepers and government alike. It is in everyone’s interests to reduce the risk and costs of disease outbreaks relating to all kept animals, including farmed animals, horses and pets, and to maintain our reputation for high welfare standards.

Since the 2001 foot and mouth disease outbreak, industry and government have worked more closely together to agree disease control strategies, and there has been a series of proposals and consultations about what respective responsibilities should be in future. Most recently the report of the independently chaired Advisory Group on responsibility and cost sharing was published on 13 December 2010. I record here my thanks to the Chair and all the members of the Advisory Group for their work.

In developing our proposals for the Board we have carefully considered the Group’s recommendations, and listened to the views expressed about them since the report’s publication.

The new Board will have responsibility for strategic animal health and welfare policy and oversight of its delivery in relation to England. It will be composed of around 12 members, who will be the senior Defra officials with responsibility for animal health and welfare (currently 5 people including the Chief Veterinary Officer in his England role) and around 7-8 external non-executive members. The Board will be the principal source of departmental advice to Defra Ministers on strategic animal health and welfare policy in relation to England.

We will seek external members (including the Chair) who between them, have the skills, knowledge and experience to understand the whole range of strategic policy matters. We are looking for individuals who have the trust and respect of animal keepers and all other stakeholders.

Each external member of the Board will have responsibility for engaging with a set of stakeholder groups and ensuring that the views of those groups are articulated in the Board’s decision-making processes. We will consult the NFU and other stakeholder groups on the best way to organise this to ensure effective two-way communication.

The external members of the Board will serve in an individual capacity. Members will be appointed on merit in a transparent process. I will advertise the posts publicly and invite organisations to encourage suitable candidates, who can demonstrate the confidence and trust of stakeholders and their representative organisations, to put themselves forward.

I expect the Board to be appointed in the second half of 2011, and its views will shape the way Defra does business in the future and how it manages key relationships with delivery bodies, particularly the Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency.

This is an innovative and exciting approach to bringing those affected by government decisions into the heart of the process in order to create a more direct link between those making Defra policy and those experiencing the delivery of that policy. Its success will depend on the support of animal keepers and stakeholder organisations for the Board and its members. I look forward to continuing the constructive dialogue already evident in the responses to the Advisory Group report.

The Board will not deliver results overnight. This is a new way of working for both government and stakeholders. I expect it gradually to strengthen joint working and lead to a greater understanding by all of the practices that collectively and cost effectively reduce disease risk and maintain high welfare. Agreement on how best to achieve them should lead to greater adherence to responsible practices and thence to reduced animal disease risk and improved standards of health and welfare. This will benefit government, the public and animal keepers.

The Advisory Group recommended that cost sharing should be taken forward in a staged approach once responsibility sharing arrangements were in place. Once established I will look to the Board for advice on funding arrangements as it develops animal health and welfare policy for the future.

The full Terms of Reference for the Board are published alongside this announcement (at ) which fulfils one of the commitments in the Government’s Structural Reform Plan and the department’s Business plan.

Published 26 April 2011