Visit your health professional at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip to check whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures. Country specific information and advice is published by the National Travel Health Network and Centre on the TravelHealthPro website and by NHS (Scotland) on the fitfortravel website. Useful information and advice about healthcare abroad is also available on the NHS Choices website.

Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation.

As of 15 March 2018 Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been reported in 2 UK residents, who had recently returned from the Waterberg region. Further information is available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre

There have been over 900 cases of listeriosis in South Africa since January 2017. As a result pre-cooked, ready to eat, cold meat products such as vienna sausages and polony have been recalled. The South African Ministry of Health is advising that such products should not be purchased or consumed. Further information is available from the National Travel Health Network and Centre and the South African National Institute for Communicable Diseases.

The 2012 UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic estimated that around 5,700,000 adults aged 15 or over in South Africa were living with HIV; the prevalence percentage was estimated at around 17.9 of the adult population compared to the prevalence percentage rate in adults in the UK of around 0.2%. You should exercise normal precautions to avoid exposure to HIV/AIDS. There is no reciprocal health care agreement between the United Kingdom and South Africa.

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 10177 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/medical assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment.