Visit your health professional at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip to check whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures.

Check the latest country-specific information and advice from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on the TravelHealthPro website or from NHS (Scotland) on the fitfortravel website. Useful information and advice about healthcare abroad is also available on the NHS Choices website.

There are a number of hospitals in Addis Ababa but only private hospitals offer a reasonable standard of basic care for minor health problems. Elsewhere, medical facilities (including dentistry) are extremely poor. You should carry a comprehensive medical pack when travelling out of Addis Ababa. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad, evacuation by air ambulance and repatriation.

In December 2013, an outbreak of dengue fever was reported in Dire Dawa City. In June 2013 an outbreak of Yellow Fever was reported in South Omo Zone and the World Health Organisation launched a mass-vaccination programme to contain the outbreak.

Malaria is common in areas of the country below 2,000 metres.

Bilharzia is present in the majority of lakes in Ethiopia.

Water-borne diseases are common. Drink or use only boiled or bottled water and avoid ice in drinks.

Addis Ababa sits at 2,400 metres above sea level.

If you need emergency medical assistance during your trip, dial 907 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your insurance/medical assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment.