Visit your health professional at least 4 to 6 weeks before your trip to check whether you need any vaccinations or other preventive measures.

Check the latest country-specific information and advice from the National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) on the TravelHealthPro website or from NHS (Scotland) on the fitfortravel website. Useful information and advice about healthcare abroad is also available on the NHS Choices website.

There are outbreaks of cholera and yellow fever in DRC with over 400 deaths from cholera reported in the first half of 2017. You should follow the advice of the National Travel Health Network and Centre. You should get vaccinated against yellow fever before entering DRC.

If you become ill during or immediately after travelling to the country, seek medical advice immediately. Medical care is extremely limited. The Centre Prive d’Urgence (CPU) clinic in Kinshasa is able to cope with basic health problems and to stabilise a patient after most serious accidents. Outside Kinshasa, western standard medical facilities are almost non-existent. Medical evacuation to South Africa (or elsewhere) is often necessary. Make sure you have adequate travel health insurance and accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment abroad and repatriation; this should specifically include the very high costs of evacuation by air ambulance. If you take medication regularly, bring in a properly-marked supply, sufficient for the time you will be in the DRC, with you.

Isolated outbreaks of Ebola virus disease have occurred occasionally in the DRC, often in remote areas.

An Ebola outbreak has been declared in Equateur province. On 8 May 2018, 2 cases of Ebola were confirmed in the town of Bikoro, near Mbandaka in Equateur province. On 16 May 2018 a third case of Ebola was confirmed in Mbandaka city. Local authorities are working with WHO to respond. The latest updates can be found on WHO’s website. We advise against all but essential travel to the Equateur province.

In 2012, African Sleeping Sickness (Trypanosomiasis) was reported in the Haute-Uele district of north eastern DRC.

In the 2012 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic the UNAIDS/WHO Working Group estimated that around 390,000 adults aged 15 or over were living with HIV; the prevalence percentage was estimated at around 1.1 of the adult population compared to the prevalence percentage in adults in the UK of around 0.25%. You should exercise normal precautions to avoid exposure to HIV and AIDS.

Plague is endemic in North Eastern Province Orientale.