4. VAT-inclusive and exclusive prices

You’ll need to make a calculation when charging VAT on goods or services, or when working out the amount of VAT you can claim back on items which were sold inclusive of VAT.

VAT-inclusive prices

To work out a price including the standard rate of VAT (20%), multiply the price excluding VAT by 1.2.

To work out a price including the reduced rate of VAT (5%), multiply the price excluding VAT by 1.05.

VAT-exclusive prices

To work out a price excluding the standard rate of VAT (20%) divide the price including VAT by 1.2.

To work out a price excluding the reduced rate of VAT (5%) divide the price including VAT by 1.05.