The standard VAT rate is 20%

VAT rates for goods and services

Rate % of VAT What the rate applies to
Standard 20% Most goods and services
Reduced rate 5% Some goods and services, eg children’s car seats and home energy
Zero rate 0% Zero-rated goods and services, eg most food and children’s clothes

The standard rate of VAT increased from 17.5 per cent to 20 per cent on 4 January 2011.

Some things are exempt from VAT (eg postage stamps, financial and property transactions).

The VAT rate businesses charge depends on their goods and services.

Check the rates of VAT on different goods and services.

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