Valuing the estate of someone who's died
You need to value the money, property and possessions (‘estate’) of someone who’s died before you can get a ‘grant of representation’ (the legal right to deal with the estate).
You don’t need a grant of representation for all estates.
You use your valuation to work out if Inheritance Tax must be paid on the estate.
Before you start
You’ll need details of all the person’s assets and debts when they died - plus any assets they gave away before they died (‘gifts’).
An asset is anything the person owned with a value (this means it’s worth money or could be sold).
Add up assets and gifts, then take away any debts.
Use the total to decide if there’s Inheritance Tax to pay - there usually is if the estate’s worth more than £325,000.
Send the forms when you apply for a grant of representation.
You can ask a solicitor to help value the estate and work out the Inheritance Tax.
You have 1 year from the date of death to fill in Inheritance Tax forms if there’s Inheritance Tax to pay.
You’ll have to start paying Inheritance Tax by the end of the sixth month after the death whether you’ve completed your forms or not - you can make a payment before you finish valuing the estate.
If there’s no Inheritance Tax to pay
The deadline depends on whether you need to fill in form IHT205 or IHT400. If it’s:
- the short form (IHT205) there’s no deadline
- the full form (IHT400) your deadline is 1 year