What you need to do

As part of applying for probate, you need to value the money, property and possessions (‘estate’) of the person who’s died.

You don’t need probate for all estates. Check if you need it.

This guide is also available in Welsh (Cymraeg).

You need to complete 3 main tasks when you value the estate.

  1. Contact organisations such as banks or utility providers about the person’s assets and debts.

  2. Estimate the estate’s value. This will affect how you report the value to HMRC, and the deadlines for reporting and paying any Inheritance Tax. Most estates aren’t taxed.

  3. Report the value to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC).

How long it takes

The process of valuing the estate can take 6 to 9 months, or longer for big or complicated estates (for example if they involve trusts or there’s tax to pay).


You don’t need to value the estate straight away after someone dies. There are only deadlines if the estate owes Inheritance Tax.

If it does, you’ll need to:

Getting help

You can hire a professional (for example a solicitor) to help with some or all of the tasks involved with valuing an estate.

Money Advice Service has guidance on when and how to hire a professional. Law Donut has advice on keeping solicitors’ fees down.

Contact HMRC to get help with: