Dangerous goods classes

Dangerous goods are separated into different classes which affect how you must package and transport them. If you’re only shipping limited quantities the rules aren’t as strict.

Class Type of material
1 Explosive substances and articles
2.1 Flammable gas (eg butane)
2.2 Non-flammable and non-toxic gases which could cause asphyxiation (eg nitrogen, helium, carbon dioxide) or oxidisers (eg oxygen)
2.3 Toxic gases (eg chlorine, phosgene)
3 Flammable liquids (eg lighter fluid, petrol)
4.1 Flammable solids, self-reactive substances and solid desensitised explosives
4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases
5.1 Oxidising substances
5.2 Organic peroxides
6.1 Toxic substances
6.2 Infectious substances
7 Radioactive material
8 Corrosive substances
9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles

The consignor or sender is responsible for classifying, packaging and marking any dangerous goods to be transported.

Clinical waste

You must be registered as a waste carrier to carry clinical waste, eg from a hospital or veterinary surgery. The Health and Safety Executive website has details of packaging and labelling of containers for clinical waste.