Beta This part of GOV.UK is being rebuilt – find out what this means

HMRC internal manual

VAT Registration

HM Revenue & Customs
, see all updates

Effective Date of Registration (EDR): change of EDR to an earlier date

You may receive requests from registered traders to amend their EDR to an earlier date than the one which we have allocated to them. This is usually because they have discovered belatedly that they can’t claim back the input tax they incurred prior to their existing EDR because it is out of time.

VAT Act 1994, Schedule 1, paragraphs 5 & 6 and paragraphs 9 & 10 do not allow an EDR to be varied after a trader is registered. When the trader applied for registration he had the opportunity to negotiate his EDR: the legislation does not allow this date to be changed retrospectively.

However, our collection and management of the tax powers at Schedule 11(1) give us some leeway to agree to an EDR change request where it would be unreasonable for us not to do so.

The eligibility criteria which we would usually apply when we are considering a request to change an EDR are:

  • the EDR given must, at the time of registration, have been a backdated EDR. In other words, at the time of application, the trader voluntarily applied for an earlier EDR
  • the trader must demonstrate that there was a genuine misunderstanding or error in completing the application form. That does not include an error of judgement, for example, he thought he would be in repayment but found in fact he was a payment trader
  • the request must be made before the due date of the first VAT return (that is, one month after the end of the first period), which must not have been rendered.
  • the trader must return the original VAT 4 certificate.

You are not expected to work on the mechanistic basis that every business which does not meet all four of the change eligibility criteria must automatically have its change request refused. You should consider each trader’s circumstances separately and think about how a First Tier Tribunal judge might regard those circumstances should the trader appeal against your decision to refuse the request.

The test of any decision is that it is reasonable and proportionate in all the circumstances of the case.

It is important that you:

  • look at each case on its own merits
  • take account of all relevant factors
  • don’t allow irrelevant factors to prejudice your judgement
  • weigh the impact (if any) granting the request would have on overall tax yield against the impact refusing the request would have on the trader’s business.

You should keep a written record of every decision - this is particularly important where you have refused the request. This should include the factors you considered and any other relevant information that you took into account. Save the record to EF so that, if the trader appeals against your decision, your appeals team colleagues will be able to see how you reached it.

You should discuss cases of difficulty with your team leader. In cases of doubt, or where you feel that there is a need to do so, you should submit a Technical Advice Request (TAR) with full details and a reasoned recommendation to the VAT Registration and Accounting Policy team.

If you do grant the trader’s request, the new EDR date must not be more than three years earlier than the current date.

Additionally, there will be circumstances in which need to correct an EDR (rather than change an EDR at the trader’s request). These will occur when:

  • there has been an element of Departmental error with regard to the EDR when the trader’s application was originally processed, or
  • you are dealing with a belated notification case and the trader is already registered, or
  • an assurance visit reveals that a trader should have been registered before their recorded EDR.