Assessing: examples of calculations: calculation where there is transferable nil rate band
Susan died in August 2012 with free estate (Entry A) of £800,000, made up of:
- £300,000 personal assets
- £500,000 freehold property.
The personal representatives have asked to pay the tax due on the freehold property by instalments.
Susan also had a life interest in a Will Trust (Entry B), which passes on her death. The trust is valued at £200,000 at the date of Susan’s death.
Susan’s husband, Michael, died in March 2008 having made no chargeable transfers. He left all his estate to Susan under his will. Susan’s executors (IHTM05012) have made a claim to transfer the nil rate band (TNRB) that was unused on Michael’s death to be used against the Susan’s death estate.
Calculate the available nil-rate band
The Inheritance Tax nil-rate band at the date Susan died is £325,000. As 100% of the nil rate band on Michael’s death is available to transfer to Susan the IHT nil rate band is increased to £650,000.
Apply the available nil-rate band to any lifetime transfers first
As Susan made no lifetime transfers the whole of the nil-rate band of £650,000 is available to use against the death estate.
Find the chargeable value of the estate at the date of death
The chargeable value of the death estate, after deducting liabilities, exemptions and reliefs is £800,000 free estate plus £200,000 = £1,000,000.
Apportion the available nil-rate band
Because there is more than one entry (IHTM31011) we must apportion the available nil rate band of £650,000 between them, before we can work out the tax.
£650,000 × £800,000 ÷ £1,000,000 = £520,000
£650,000 × £200,000 ÷ £1,000,000 = £130,000
Calculate the tax on Entries A and B:
£800,000 - £520,000 × 40% = £112,000
This is then apportioned between:
- The personal property (not paid by instalments) (£300,000 × £112,000 tax) ÷ £800,000 = £42,000
- The freehold property (paid by instalments) (£500,000 × £112,000 tax) ÷ £800,000 = £70,000
£200,000 - £130,000 × 40% = £28,000
Here we will raise death estate calculations for:
- £42,000 at Entry A (NIOP)
- 10 annual instalments of £7,000 (totalling £70,000) at Entry A (IOP)
- £28,0000 at Entry B (NIOP)