Nationally approved gas and electricity meters
Approval process for gas and electricity meters under GB national legislation.
Prototype meters are tested by laboratories that have been accredited against relevant international standards and their test reports may be accepted as demonstration of compliance with certain aspects of the standards. Regulatory Delivery (RD) will analyse the test report from the accredited laboratory and, if satisfied, complete the process for approving a specific meter type, including issuing a formal approval certificate to the manufacturer.
Meters that can be approved in the UK
- diaphragm (often denoted by U6 or G4) or electronic design (denoted by E6) domestic gas meters
- induction (electro-mechanical) and static (electronic) electricity meters
For electricity meters only, after a formal approval certificate has been issued, the meter will then be listed in Schedule 4 of the Meters (Certification) Regulations (SI 1998/1566). This is a statutory register of all pattern approved electricity meters suitable for billing purposes in the UK.
All subsequent modifications to approved meters are also subject to further examination and approval. It is important to note that unless a meter is approved by RD (or in the case of induction electricity meters, approved by another EU member state) it cannot be used for billing purposes in the UK. On its own, conformance to a standard does not amount to UK national approval and formal certificated approval is a prescribed requirement.
Since the European Measuring Instruments Directive (MID) was fully implemented on 30 October 2006, there can be no new UK national approvals of meter types within the scope of the directive. However the MID provides a 10 year transitional period and minor modifications to existing UK nationally approved meter types can be approved by RD until 30 October 2016. After this time, no UK nationally approved gas meters shall be allowed to enter the market, although those meters already ‘on the wall’ will be allowed to remain in use for as long as they meet the legal requirements.
UK nationally approved gas and electricity meters are approved under the Gas Act 1986 and the Electricity Act 1989 respectively. The pattern or construction of your meter type must conform to the requirements specified in the accompanying regulations:
- the Gas (Meters) Regulations (SI 1983/684)
These regulations prescribe the standards to which gas meters must perform before they can be stamped. In addition the meters must not leak gas or air.
- the Meters (Approval of Pattern or Construction and Manner of Installation) Regulations (SI 1998/1565)
- the Meters (Certification) Regulations (SI 1998/1566)
The pattern or construction of a gas or electricity meter is approved by ensuring that the meter type conforms to the requirements covered in the regulations. This is achieved by testing a representative sample of meters in a specialist laboratory against the appropriate harmonised national or international technical standard.
If you wish to speak to a member of staff please contact:
Electricity Metering Team
Reception 020 8943 7272
Gas Metering Team
Reception 020 8943 7272
Published: 13 March 2014
From: Regulatory Delivery
Related guides: In-service testing for gas and electricity meters National regulation: gas and electricity meters Electricity meters used for the feed-in tariff (FIT) scheme Electricity meter certification Electricity meter accuracy disputes Gas meter accuracy disputes Market surveillance projects for gas and electricity meters National sample survey for electricity meters Gas meter stamping Gas meter readings and bill calculation MID approved gas and electricity meters