C of E
For Church of England when referring to school names.
The cabinet is lower case.
Capital Gains Tax
DO NOT USE BLOCK CAPITALS FOR LARGE AMOUNTS OF TEXT AS IT’S QUITE HARD TO READ.
Always use sentence case, even in page titles and service names. The exceptions to this are proper nouns, including:
- departments (specific government departments - see below)
- the Civil Service, with lower case for ‘the’
- specific job titles
- titles like Mr, Mrs, Dr, the Duke of Cambridge (the duke at second mention); Pope Francis, but the pope
- Rt Hon (no full stops)
- place names
- brand names
- faculties, departments, institutes and schools
- names of groups, directorates and organisations: Knowledge and Innovation Group
- Parliament, the House
- titles of specific acts or bills: Housing Reform Bill (but use ‘the act’ or ‘the bill’ after the first time you use the full act or bill title)
- names of specific, named government schemes known to people outside government: Right to Buy, Queen’s Awards for Enterprise
- specific select committees: Public Administration Select Committee
- header cells in tables: Annual profits
- titles of books (and within single quotes), for example, ‘The Study Skills Handbook’
- World War 1 and World War 2 (note caps and numbers)
Do not capitalise:
- government - see government
- minister, never Minister, unless part of a specific job title, like Minister for the Cabinet Office
- department or ministry - never Department or Ministry, unless referring to a specific one: Ministry of Justice, for example
- white paper, green paper, command paper, House of Commons paper
- budget, autumn statement, spring statement, unless referring to and using the full name of a specific statement - for example, “2016 Budget”
- sections or schedules within specific named acts, regulations or orders
- director general (no hyphen), deputy director, director, unless in a specific job title
- group and directorate, unless referring to a specific group or directorate: the Commercial Directorate, for example
- departmental board, executive board, the board
- policy themes like sustainable communities, promoting economic growth, local enterprise zones
- general mention of select committees (but do cap specific ones - see above)
- the military
Capitals for government departments
Use the following conventions for government departments. A department using an ampersand in its logo image is fine but use ‘and’ when writing in full text.
- Attorney General’s Office (AGO)
- Cabinet Office (CO)
- Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS)
- Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS)
- Department for Education (DfE)
- Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra)
- Department for International Trade (DIT)
- Department for Transport (DfT)
- Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)
- Department of Health and Social Care (DHSC)
- Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO)
- HM Treasury (HMT)
- Home Office (HO)
- Ministry of Defence (MOD)
- Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG)
- Ministry of Justice (MOJ)
Two words. Lower case.
chair of governors
chairman, chairwoman, chairperson
Lower case in text. Upper case in titles: Spencer Tracy, Chairman, GDS.
See change notes in the content design manual.
Not “change log”.
CHAPS (Clearing House Automated Payment System)
The acronym should come first as it’s more widely known than the full name.
Not “check box”.
chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear (CBRN) materials.
Lower case. Use upper case for the acronym.
Lower case except where it’s a title with the holder’s name, like Chief Constable Andrew Trotter.
Child Tax Credit
Upper case, but generic references to tax credits are lower case.
Children in Need
Upper case for the BBC fundraising event, lower case for children in need census.
Civil Contingencies Secretariat
Upper case because it’s the name of an organisation.
Don’t use “click” when talking about user interfaces because not all users click. Use “select”.
You can use “right-click” if the user needs to right-click to open up a list of options to progress through the user journey.
Lower case in all instances, including ‘the coalition’.
Use capital letters and a regular 2.
code of practice
Not “third-party software”. Also use “commercial” for types of software, for example “commercial word processor”.
community, voluntary and foundation schools
Lower case unless used in the full title, like the National Assembly for Wales (Legislative Competence) (Social Welfare) Order 2008.
Components that control other components
In technical writing, use:
- primary for a component that controls other components
- secondary for a component that’s controlled by the primary component
Do not use master or slave.
conduct of business rules
Construction Industry Scheme
Use upper case when referring to the actual Construction Industry Scheme (CIS, not the CIS).
Construction Industry Scheme Online/CIS Online
Avoid negative contractions like can’t and don’t. Many users find them harder to read, or misread them as the opposite of what they say. Use cannot, instead of can’t.
Avoid should’ve, could’ve, would’ve, they’ve too. These can also be hard to read.
Where you need to refer to it in the title, use ‘coronavirus (COVID-19)’.
Use ‘coronavirus (COVID-19)’ in the text at first mention, then ‘COVID-19’ after that.
Coronavirus is lower case. Use ‘COVID-19’ capitalised as this is the World Health Organization (WHO) standard.
Do not use ‘Covid-19’ with only the first letter capitalised or ‘covid-19’ lower case.
Corporation Tax for Agents online service
Corporation Tax Online
Use upper case Online if referring to the actual service, not if you’re describing using the service: ‘you can pay your Corporation Tax online or at the Post Office.’
Meaning “commercial-off-the-shelf software”. Not “cots” or “Cots”. Explain the acronym at first use.
Use lower case when writing about local councils in general. Use capitals for the official name of a local council. For example ‘Reading Borough Council’, ‘Warwick District Council’ and ‘Swanage Town Council’.
countries and territories
When referring to a country or territory, use the names listed in the country register or territory register.
Upper case as it represents a single court system.
critical national infrastructure
Used to define workers critical to an emergency response whose children get prioritised for school attendance. It is not the same as an ‘essential worker’.
Use ‘critical worker’ only in relation to educational provision.
Do not use ‘keyworker’.
Lower case. Only use upper case when part of the title of a specific customs union: the European Union Customs Union, for example.
Two words. Lower case.