Guidance

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

The characteristics and epidemiology of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.

Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a bacterium that causes acute respiratory illness, ranging in severity from mild respiratory illness to severe pneumonia.

The bacterium can be fatal for a small number of people, and has on rare occasions been associated with severe complications such as encephalitis.

Most laboratory reports are of infection in children aged from 5 to 14 years, and adults aged 30 to 39 years.

The infection is found in patients of all ages, including children under 5 years and occasionally in adults aged 65 years and over.

There is no vaccine against Mycoplasma pneumoniae but it is susceptible to a range of antibiotics. Antimicrobial resistance to macrolides is increasing globally.

Epidemiology

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to June 2018 (PDF, 336KB, 5 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to March 2018 (PDF, 335KB, 5 pages)

Annual summary of respiratory Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data, England and Wales, 2017 (PDF, 306KB, 10 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to September 2017 (PDF, 270KB, 4 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to June 2017 (PDF, 294KB, 4 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to March 2017 (PDF, 304KB, 4 pages)

Annual summary of Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data, 2016, England and Wales (PDF, 313KB, 7 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: July to September 2016. (PDF, 289KB, 4 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: April to June 2016. (PDF, 304KB, 4 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to March 2016 (PDF, 304KB, 4 pages)

Annual report of Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data, 2015, England and Wales (PDF, 129KB, 7 pages)

Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in England and Wales: January 2010 to September 2015 (inclusive) (PDF, 404KB, 4 pages)

Respiratory syncytial virus data

Seasonal flu data

Diagnosis

The Respiratory and vaccine preventable bacteria reference unit (RVPBRU) offers confirmatory testing of mycoplasma infection.

See guidance for referral of specimens for confirmation of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection and detection of macrolide resistance markers.

Published 10 September 2008
Last updated 15 August 2018 + show all updates
  1. Latest summary of data for Mycoplasma pneumoniae uploaded.
  2. Added latest summary of data for Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  3. Added new publication 'Annual summary of respiratory Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data, England and Wales, 2017'.
  4. Added 'Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae for January to June 2017'.
  5. Added link to guidance for referring specimens for confirmation of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  6. Mycoplasma data summary tables for January to March 2017 uploaded.
  7. Annual summary of Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data, 2016, England and Wales uploaded.
  8. Updated mycoplasma tables.
  9. Laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: April to June 2016, has been uploaded.
  10. Added laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection made to CIDSC from PHE and NHS laboratories in England and Wales: January to March 2016.
  11. Added 2015 annual report of Mycoplasma pneumoniae laboratory surveillance data for England and Wales.
  12. Added laboratory reports of Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection in England and Wales: January 2010 to September 2015.
  13. First published.