MOT inspection manual: cars and passenger vehicles

Updates: MOT inspection manual: cars and passenger vehicles

2019

published amendments

Introduction
Moved this section to GOV.UK. No changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
0. Identification of the vehicle
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
0.1 Registration plate. Paragraph changed from 'Imported vehicles that don’t have the space for standard sized registration plates can have smaller registration plates' to 'Tricycles, quadricycles and imported vehicles that do not have the space for standard sized registration plates can have smaller registration plates.'
13 September 2018
0.1 Registration plate. Updated the items that do not need to be inspected.
0.2 Vehicle identification number (VIN). Sentence added about testers needing to check that there is not more than one VIN displayed on the vehicle. New defect 'More than one different VIN displayed' (defect 0.2.c).
1. Brakes
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
1.1.10 Brake servo units and master cylinder (hydraulic systems). Method of inspection added: 'If a vacuum servo is fitted, then with the engine off, totally deplete the stored vacuum by repeatedly applying the service brake. Then fully apply the brake and hold at a constant pressure. Note whether the pedal can be felt to travel further, when the engine is started.'
13 September 2018
1.1.6 Parking brake lever or control. Information about hydraulic parking brakes and electronic parking brakes added. New defect 'For vehicles first used on or after 1 January 1968 the parking brake is not capable of being maintained in operation by direct mechanical action only' (defect 1.1.6.f)
1.1.12 Flexible brake hoses. New defect for corroded brake hose ferrules (defect 1.1.12.f). An existing defect updated to 'Flexible brake hose excessively damaged, deteriorated, chafed, twisted or stretched' (defect 1.1.12.b.ii).
1.1.13 Brake linings and pads. Information added to clarify how to identify when a brake pad needs to be replaced. An existing defect updated to 'Worn down to wear indicator' (defect 1.1.13.a)
1.1.19 Additional braking device (retarder), if fitted. Section heading changed from 'Endurance braking system (where fitted)' to 'Additional braking device (retarder), if fitted'.
1.8 Brake fluid. Information added to clarify how to check if brake fluid is contaminated.
2. Steering
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
2.2.2 Steering column or forks and yokes. Defect 2.2.2c wording changed from 'Excessive deterioration of a flexible coupling' to 'Excessive wear or play in a universal joint or a flexible coupling excessively deteriorated'.
3. Visibility
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
3.3 View to rear. Information about bodied tricycles' and quadricycle's obligatory mirror positions added to a table: Bodied tricycles and quadricycles of any age, must have two mirrors or devices, one of which must be in position 'a'. Information about unbodied tricycles' and quadricycles' (other than mopeds) obligatory mirror positions added to a table: Unbodied tricycles and quadricycles other than mopeds of any age, must have two mirrors or devices, one in position 'a' and one in position 'b'. Information about unbodied tricycles' and quadricycles' (classed as mopeds) obligatory mirror positions added to a table: Unbodied tricycles and quadricycles class as mopeds, first registered on or after 1 August 1978, must have at least one mirror or device in position 'a'.
4. Lamps, reflectors and electrical equipment
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
4.1.1 Headlamps - Presence, condition and operation. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
4.1.2 Headlamps - Headlamp alignment. Bullet point under heading 'European type - check on dipped beam' changed from 'beam image 'kick up' is visible on the screen' to 'beam image 'kick up' is visible on the screen, unless it has been masked or it has a flat top beam pattern'.
4.1.4 Headlamps - Compliance with requirements. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' New defect 4.1.4d added 'Mandatory headlamps, intended to be a matched pair, are not the same shape, size or colour (major)'.
4.2.1 Front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline marker lamps - Presence, condition and operation. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' Sentence changed from 'If the DRLs function as front position lamps, they should dim when rear position lamps are switched on and may turn off when headlamps are switched on.' to 'If the DRLs function as front position lamps, they may or may not dim when rear position lamps are switched on and may dim or turn off when headlamps are switched on.' Two new defects added: 4.2.1a Lamp: (i) Multiple light source up to a half not functioning (Minor), (ii) Missing, inoperative or in the case of a multiple light source more than a half not functioning (Major).
4.2.2 Front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline marker lamps - Switching. Sentence changed from 'If the DRLs function as front position lamps, they should dim when rear position lamps are switched on and may turn off when headlamps are switched on.' to 'If the DRLs function as front position lamps, they may or may not dim when rear position lamps are switched on and may dim or turn off when headlamps are switched on.' Sentence changed from 'If position lamps are combined with direction indicators, position lamps should switch off when the relevant direction indicator is flashing.' to 'If position lamps are combined with direction indicators, position lamps may or may not switch off when the relevant direction indicator is flashing.'
4.2.3 Front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline marker lamps - Compliance with requirements. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' Sentence changed from 'If position lamps are combined with direction indicators, position lamps should switch off when the relevant direction indicator is flashing.' to 'If position lamps are combined with direction indicators, position lamps may or may not switch off when the relevant direction indicator is flashing.' Paragraph added 'Daytime running lamps (DRLs) or headlamps may function as front position lamps. If the DRLs function as front position lamps, they may or may not dim when rear position lamps are switched on and may dim or turn off when headlamps are switched on.'
4.3.1 Stop lamps - Presence, condition and operation. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
4.3.3 Stop lamps - Compliance with requirements. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
4.4.1 Direction indicators and hazard warning lamps - Presence, condition and operation. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' New defect 4.4.1d 'Mandatory hazard warning device not fitted (Major)' New defect 4.4.1e 'Mandatory hazard warning device inoperative (Major)'.
4.4.3 Direction indicators and hazard warning lamps - Compliance with requirements. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
4.5.1 Front and rear fog lamps - Presence, condition and operation. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
4.5.4 Front and rear fog lamps - Compliance with requirements. Sentence changed from 'You must assess repairs to lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.' to 'You must assess damaged or repaired lamps for security, colour, light output and durability.'
13 September 2018
4.1.2 Headlamp alignment. New defect 'beam image obviously incorrect' (defect 4.1.2.c). Updated Diagram 1 without reference to old RFRs.
4.2 Front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline marker lamps. Heading changed from 'Front and rear position lamps, side marker lamps and end-outline marker lamps' to 'Front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline marker lamps'.
4.2.1 Presence, condition and operation - front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline. Information added to clarify how to measure the width of a vehicle.
4.2.3 Compliance with requirements - front and rear position lamps, daytime running lamps and end-outline. Information added to clarify how to check position lamps, end-outline marker lamps or daytime running lamps. New defect 'A lamp adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp' (4.2.3.c).
4.3.3 Compliance with requirements - stop lamps. Information added to clarify how to check if stop lamps are adversely affected. New defect 'A stop lamp adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp' (defect 4.3.3.b).
4.4.1 Presence, condition and operation - direction indicators and hazard warning lamps. Information added 'tricycles and quadricycles do not need side repeaters'.
4.4.3 Compliance with requirements - direction indicators and hazard warning lamps. Information added to clarify how to check if the direction indicators are adversely affected. New defect 'A direction indicator lamp adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp' (defect 4.4.3.b).
4.5.4 Compliance with requirements - front and rear fog lamps. Information added to clarify how to check if the rear fog lamps are adversely affected. New defect 'A rear fog lamp adversely affected by the operation of any other lamp' (defect 4.5.4.b). Existing defect updated to 'Front or rear fog lamp emitted colour or position not in accordance with the requirements' (defect 4.5.4.a).
4.6.1 Condition and operation - reversing lamps. Information added to clarify that at least one reversing lamp must be fitted. Defect 'a. A reversing lamp inoperative' category corrected from ‘minor’ to ‘major’.
4.6.2 Compliance with requirements - reversing lamps. Information added to clarify that at least one reversing lamp must be fitted. Existing defect updated to 'Reversing lamp emitted colour or position not in accordance with the requirements' (defect 4.6.2).
4.7.1 Presence, condition and operation - rear registration plate lamps. Existing defect description rewritten.
5. Axles, wheels, tyres and suspension
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
5.1.1 Axles. Defect amended from 'An axle fractured' to 'An axle fractured or deformed' (5.1.1.a)
5.2.3 Tyres. Defect 5.2.3h changed from 'Tyre pressure monitoring system: (i) malfunctioning or tyre obviously under-inflated (Minor), (ii) obviously inoperative (Major)' to 'Tyre pressure monitoring system malfunctioning or obviously not working (Major)' New defect 5.2.3l added 'Tyre obviously under-inflated (Minor)'.
5.3.4 Suspension joints, pins and bushes. Defect 5.3.4a amended from 'A suspension pin, bush or joint:' to 'A suspension pin, bush, joint or bearing:'.
13 September 2018
5.2.3 Tyres. Existing defects updated (defects 5.2.3.d i and ii). New defect 'A tyre valve seriously damaged or misaligned likely to cause sudden deflation of the tyre' (defect 5.2.3.j). New defect 'A tyre incorrectly seated on the wheel rim' (defect 5.2.3.k).
5.3.2 Shock absorbers. New defect 'A shock absorber bush excessively worn' (defect 5.3.2.c).
6. Body, structure and attachments
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
6.1.7 Transmission. New defect 6.1.7g(ii) added 'Missing, split, insecure or no longer prevents the ingress of dirt (Major)'.
13 September 2018
6.1.2 Exhaust system. Existing defect changed (defect 6.1.2.a).
7. Other equipment
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
7.1.2 Seat belt fitment and condition. Sentence added 'You don't need to inspect: - a belt fitted with no corresponding seat, - a buckle or stalk with no corresponding belt'.
13 September 2018
7.1.1 Seat belt security. Existing defect description updated (defect 7.1.1.a.i).
7.7 Audible warning (horn). Existing defect updated (defect 7.7.c).
8. Nuisance
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
8.2.2.2 Opacity. Smoke limit levels clarified. For vehicles first used between 1 July 2008 and 31 December 2013, the smoke limit is: the level specified on the manufacturer's plate, or 1.5m-1 if the manufacturer's plate is not available. For vehicles first used on or after 1 January 2014, the smoke limit is: the level specified on the manufacturer's plate, or 0.7m-1 if manufacturer's plate is not available. A sentence changed: The word 'aborted' changed into 'not complete', so the sentence now reads 'If the smoke levels from the first acceleration were significantly higher than the limit, you can choose to not complete the test.' Defect wording updated: 8.2.2.2.f The word 'aborted' changed into 'not completed'.
13 September 2018
8.2.1 Spark ignition engine emissions. New headings 'Vehicles fitted with a different engine' and 'Personal imports' and information added to clarify to which emission standards to test the vehicles.
8.2.1.2 Gaseous emissions. Chart 1 updated. Information added about which vehicles need to have their engine malfunction indicator lamps (MIL) inspected.
8.2.2.2 Opacity. Description updated to clarify what limits to test the vehicles and where to find the smoke level test limits. Information added about which vehicles need to have their engine malfunction indicator lamps (MIL) inspected.
9. Supplementary tests for buses and coaches
Moved this section to GOV.UK. No changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
10. Seat belt installation checks
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
10.1 Seat belt installation requirements (Class 4A & 5A approved VTS only). A missing section added back as 10.1 'Seat belt installation requirements (Class 4A & 5A approved VTS only)'. A section titled 'Seat belt installation guidance notes' has been renumbered as 10.2 (previously 10.1).
Appendix A: Structural integrity and corrosion
Moved this section to GOV.UK. No changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
Appendix B: Tyre load index tables
Moved this section to GOV.UK. No changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
Appendix C: Seat belt fitment tables
Moved this section to GOV.UK. The following changes were made to this section between 20 May 2018 and 24 September 2019.
20 June 2019
Appendix C Seat belt fitment tables. Multiple changes: Order of tables changed so that the 3 tables listing all fitment codes (A, B, C and so on) are shown first. Table reference numbers have changed. Changed paragraph headings to be more accurate. Additional information in Table 5 (formerly Table 7) titled 'Seatbelt fitments for vehicles with an unladen weight more than 2,540kg', detailing that vehicles first registered on or after 1 October 2001, with 2 or fewer forward facing rear seats, can have seat belt fitments of B, G, and N type.