Guidance

Mauritius: migrant health guide

Advice and guidance on the health needs of migrant patients from Mauritius for healthcare practitioners.

Main messages

If the patient is new to the UK:

  • explain to them how the NHS works
  • discuss how this compares to the healthcare system they’ve been used to

Ensure that all patients are up-to-date with the UK immunisation schedule.

Consider screening for hepatitis B, particularly among those who have recently arrived, because Mauritius has an intermediate prevalence.

Consider screening for hepatitis C, because Mauritius has a considerably higher prevalence of hepatitis C than the UK.

Ask opportunistically about any travel plans the patient may have to visit friends and relatives in their country of origin, and see National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC), or the Health Protection Scotland websites (TRAVAX and fitfortravel), for travel advice.

Be advised that there is a risk of typhoid infection in Mauritius.

Find out more about children’s health.

Infectious diseases

Immunisation

Ensure that all patients, especially children, are up-to-date with the UK immunisation schedule.

Tuberculosis (TB)

There is a low incidence of TB in Mauritius (< 40 cases per 100,000), so:

  • routine screening is not required
  • consider testing in patients (including children) who show signs and symptoms
  • be aware that TB is a notifiable disease

Sexually transmitted infections and HIV

Take a sexual history, and:

  • screen for STIs and HIV according to risk as specified in the UK national standards and guidelines
  • test all sexually active patients under the age of 25 for chlamydia

Mauritius has a low rate of HIV (≤1%), so:

  • offer and recommend an HIV test if the patient:
    • falls into a high risk group
    • is newly registering in a high prevalence area
  • be advised that national guidelines do not recommend routine consideration of HIV testing of infants and children who have recently arrived in the UK

Hepatitis B

Mauritius has an intermediate prevalence of hepatitis B, so:

  • consider screening for hepatitis B, particularly those who have recently arrived
  • offer screening for hepatitis B to all pregnant women during each pregnancy
  • immunise appropriately babies born to mothers who are hepatitis B positive and follow-up accordingly
  • be aware that the UK has a selective immunisation programme for hepatitis B

Hepatitis C

Mauritius has a considerably higher prevalence of hepatitis C than the UK, so consider screening for hepatitis C.

Travel plans and advice

Ask opportunistically about any travel plans the patient may have to visit friends and relatives in their country of origin, and see National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC), or the Health Protection Scotland websites (TRAVAX and fitfortravel), for travel advice.

Typhoid

There is a risk of typhoid infection in Mauritius, so:

  • ensure that travellers to Mauritius are offered typhoid immunisation and advice on prevention of enteric fever
  • remember enteric fever in the differential diagnosis of illness in patients with a recent history of travel to-or-from Mauritius

Women’s health

Reproductive health indicators

Reproductive health indicator UK Mauritius
Children per woman¹ 2 2
Use of contraception ² 82% 75.9%
Breast examination or mammography³ 75% 16%
Cervical cancer screening⁴ 70% 13%

¹lifetime average ²by woman of reproductive age or partner ³women aged 50 to 69 years ⁴women aged 20 to 69 years.


Find out more about women’s health.

Nutritional and metabolic concerns

Anaemia

There is a moderate risk of anaemia in adults (estimated prevalence in non-pregnant women is 20 to 40%), and a high risk in pre-school children (estimated prevalence is >40%), in Mauritius, so:

  • be alert to this possibility in recently arrived migrants, particularly for women and pre-school children
  • test as clinically indicated

Vitamin D

Consider the possibility of vitamin D deficiency in people who may be at risk due to:

  • covering their body for cultural or religious reasons (lack of sunlight)
  • skin colour
  • diet (vegan or vegetarian)

Vitamin A

There is a high risk of vitamin A deficiency in Mauritius.

Country profile

Health indicators and health care

WHO Global Health Observatory has a summary of health indicators and health care in Mauritius.

Culture, politics and history

BBC News and The World Factbook provide background information on the culture, politics and history of Mauritius.

Languages

Language Population (%)¹
Creole 86.5
Bhojpuri 5.3
French 4.1
Other² 2.6
Two languages 1.4
Unspecified 0.1

¹2011 est. ²includes English, the official language, spoken by <1% of the population

Source: The World Factbook.


Find out about language interpretation.

Religions

Religion Population (%)¹
Hindu 48.5
Roman Catholic 26.3
Muslim 17.3
Other Christian 6.4
None 0.7
Other 0.6
Unspecified 0.1

¹2011 est.

Source: The World Factbook.

Migration to the UK

There were over 41,000 people from Mauritius living in England and Wales at the time of the 2011 Census.

Source: Office for National Statistics © Crown Copyright 2014.

Published 31 July 2014
Last updated 8 April 2016 + show all updates
  1. Updated advice on testing for HIV and STIs, and risks of helminths and anaemia, based on current prevalence in Mauritius.
  2. First published.