Guidance

Manage your fishing effort: Western Waters crabs and scallops

Details of the approach to managing the over 15 metre Area VII crab and scallop fishing sector to keep the fishery within EU effort limits.

Western Water crabs

Western Waters (ICES Area VII) 2018 edible and Spider Crab effort annual limit

It was decided that days at sea limits will be set for vessels operating in this area for the full 2018 year. This will be enforced via a licence variation. The limit set out below will be applicable to all over 15 metre vessels with a shellfish entitlement operating in area VII and targeting crabs under the Western Waters regime.

The MMO will actively monitor days at sea uptake by vessels and review discussions will take place later in 2018 to evaluate uptake to date and discuss the management approach for the remainder of 2018.

If the UK looks like it will exceed effort limits prior to 31 December 2018 as set by the Commission, then fisheries administrations will be required to close the area VII crab fishery to over 15 metre vessels for the remainder of the year in line with the Western Waters regime.

The final effort uptake for the 2017 management year is available here.

The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 is 200 days.

Crab effort uptake for 2018 (last updated 28 August 2018)

Area European limit (kilowatt days) Real-time uptake to date (kilowatt days) Percentage of effort used to date
VII 543,366 252,495 46%
V-VI 702,292 380,823 54%

Scope

The Western Waters Days at Sea scheme detailed below applies to UK fishing vessels, 15 metre and over in length, fishing for Edible/Brown Crab (Cancer Pagurus) and spider crab (Maja Squinado ) in International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Area VII.

Days at Sea Limits

The maximum number of days a vessel can fish for crabs in ICES Area VII is established in the vessel’s fishing licence.

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Days at sea are not transferrable between fishing vessels.

The number of days spent at sea will be monitored for enforcement purposes by MMO/Devolved Administration offices. However, it is your responsibility to monitor your uptake and be aware of how many days you have available. If you wish to check the information held by the MMO on your vessel’s activity you should contact your local MMO coastal office.

It is an offence to exceed the maximum number of days at sea established in your vessel’s fishing licence, and action may be taken in accordance the relevant fisheries administration’s compliance and enforcement strategy.

The effort limit is an annual limit and is set in consultation with the vessels active in the fishery, with the aim of maximising uptake of available effort. For 2018 the annual limit will be reviewed every other month, starting in February, and will be increased if fleet size and activity levels permit.

Recording of days at sea

Days at sea are counted in calendar days (midnight to midnight) or part thereof. For example a fishing trip leaving port at 0200h and returning to port at 0100h the following day counts as two calendar days. In comparison, a fishing trip leaving port at 1000h and returning at 1700h the following day is also counted as 2 calendar days.

Trip data must be recorded in UTC (universal time constant) with no daylight saving adjustment.

Steaming trips are not counted against a vessel’s days at sea providing that no gear is deployed or hauled, no landings are made and vessel activity is declared as ‘CRU – steaming/cruising’ on the electronic logbook.

Time at sea will not count against a vessel’s allocation where it comes to the aid of another vessel in need of emergency assistance or because it is transporting an injured person for emergency medical aid. You must advise your port of administration in such cases.

Western Water Scallops

Once your allocation of days are used

Any vessel that has exhausted its allocation of days must cease fishing for crabs in Area VII immediately and return to port. The vessel may then undertake other activities. Western Water scallops

The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 July 2018 to 30 September 2018 is 30 days.

Scallop effort uptake for 2018 (last updated 28 August 2018)

Area European limit (kilowatt days) Real-time uptake to date (kilowatt days) Percentage of effort used to date
VII 3,315,619 2,328,648 70%
V-VI 1,974,425 616,371 31%

2018

Days at sea

The Western Waters Days at Sea scheme detailed below applies to UK fishing vessels, 15 metres and over in length, fishing for either king (Pecten Maximus) or queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis) in ICES Area VII.

Quarterly Days at Sea Limits

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Days at sea are not transferrable between fishing vessels.

The number of days spent at sea will be monitored for enforcement purposes by MMO/Devolved Administration offices. However, it is your responsibility to monitor your uptake and be aware of how many days you have available. If you wish to check the information held by the MMO on your vessels activity you should contact your local MMO coastal office.

It is an offence to exceed the maximum number of days at sea established in the vessels’ fishing licence and action may be taken in accordance with the relevant fisheries administration’s compliance and enforcement strategy.

Recording of days at sea

Days at sea are counted in calendar days (midnight to midnight) or part thereof. For example a fishing trip leaving port at 0200h and returning to port at 0100h the following day counts as two calendar days. In comparison, a fishing trip leaving port at 1000h and returning at 1700h the following day is also counted as two calendar days.

Trip data must be recorded in UTC (universal time constant) with no daylight saving adjustment.

Steaming trips are not counted against a vessel’s days at sea providing that no gear is deployed or hauled, no landings are made and vessel activity is declared as ‘CRU – steaming/cruising’ on the electronic logbook.

Time at sea will not count against a vessels allocation where it comes to the aid of another vessel in need of emergency assistance or because it is transporting an injured person for emergency medical aid. You must advise your port of administration in such cases.

Once your allocation of days are used

Any vessel that has exhausted its allocation of days must cease fishing for scallops in Area VII immediately and return to port. The vessel may then undertake other activities.

Further information

How to inspect your fishing gear and make sure your time at sea is not counted against your effort

Skippers or owners are required to notify their local coastal office if they intend to go to sea to inspect their fishing gear.

On electronic logbooks, these trips should be coded with a departure message of ‘Other’ (OTH), with a comment stating that you are going to inspect your fishing gear. This will allow MMO to make vessel monitoring system data with gear inspections consistent with one another.

No landings must be made during these trips. This will ensure that we do not include these trips in effort uptake calculations.

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Published 11 June 2014
Last updated 31 August 2018 + show all updates
  1. The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 is 160 days changed to 200
  2. Figures updated
  3. Figures updated
  4. Crab and scallop effort uptake updated to 26 June 2018
  5. Figures updated
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  11. 2018 data added
  12. 2017 data added
  13. text updated
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  20. Allocation of days changed
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  22. Page updated
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  35. 2017 data added
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  37. 2017 data added
  38. Crab and scallop data updated
  39. Figures updated
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  46. Dates changed
  47. Days at sea updated
  48. Figures updated
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  52. European limit (kilowatt days) for area 7 scallops updated
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  64. Text updated
  65. Effort tables updated
  66. Crab and Scallop uptake figures updated as at 8 December 2015
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  80. Following a meeting in Plymouth on the 22 July 2015 it was agreed to increase the effort limit from 150 days to 190 days for the year.
  81. Figures updated
  82. Figures updated
  83. Spreadsheets updated
  84. Figures updated
  85. Figures updated
  86. Tables updated
  87. Dutch consultation information removed
  88. Figures updated
  89. Crab and scallop effort figures updated
  90. Figures updated
  91. Figures updated
  92. Figures updated 12 May 2015
  93. Crab and scallop effort figures updated
  94. Crab and scallop effort figures updated
  95. Effort statistics updated
  96. The allocation of days from 00.01 on 1 April 2015 to 23.50 on 30 June 2015 is 60 days added
  97. Next uptake statistics will be published in April 2015 text added
  98. Crabs and Scallops effort data updated
  99. Crabs and Scallops effort data updated
  100. Consultation into conducting a scallop-demersal effort swap with the Netherlands added
  101. Updated the date of meeting
  102. Effort tables updated
  103. Crab and Scallop effort tables updated
  104. Effort figures updated
  105. Effort tables updated
  106. Western waters crab rules added
  107. Scallop and Crab days for 2015 set.
  108. Effort tables updated
  109. Western Waters Scallop Rules for 2015 added and the allocation of days for January to December 2014 changed from 52 to 150 days.
  110. Effort tables updated 12 December 2014
  111. Effort tables updated
  112. Effort tables updated
  113. Change to scallop days
  114. Effort tables updated
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  120. Scallop days increased
  121. Effort tables updated
  122. Crab and scallops effort uptake uploaded
  123. Effort tables updated
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  127. Crab and Scallop effort updated
  128. Effort tables updated
  129. amended page in line with licence variation
  130. Effort tables updated
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  135. effort tables updated
  136. Updated effort tables
  137. Crab and Scallop effort updated
  138. Scallop and Crab effort updated - 25 July
  139. Crab and scallop effort updake updated
  140. Crab and scallop effort uptake tables updated
  141. First published.