Guidance

Manage your fishing effort: Western Waters crabs and scallops

Details of the approach to managing the over 15 metre Area VII crab and scallop fishing sector to keep the fishery within EU effort limits.

Western Water crabs

Western Waters (ICES Area VII) 2019 edible and Spider Crab effort annual limit

It was decided that days at sea limits will be set for vessels operating in this area for the full 2019 year. This will be enforced via a licence variation. The limit set out below will be applicable to all over 15 metre vessels with a shellfish entitlement operating in area VII and targeting crabs under the Western Waters regime.

The MMO will actively monitor days at sea uptake by vessels and review discussions will take place later in 2019 to evaluate uptake to date and discuss the management approach for the remainder of 2019.

If the UK looks like it will exceed effort limits prior to 31 December 2019 as set by the Commission, then fisheries administrations will be required to close the area VII crab fishery to over 15 metre vessels for the remainder of the year in line with the Western Waters regime.

Final effort uptake for the 2019 management year is now available.

The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 is 235 days.

Crab effort uptake for 2019 (last updated 16 December 2019)

Area European limit (kilowatt days) Real-time uptake to date (kilowatt days) Percentage of effort used to date
VII 543,366 500,463 92%
V-VI 702,292 517,278 74%

Scope

The Western Waters Days at Sea scheme detailed below applies to UK fishing vessels, 15 metre and over in length, fishing for Edible/Brown Crab (Cancer Pagurus) and spider crab (Maja Squinado ) in International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) Area VII.

Days at Sea Limits

The maximum number of days a vessel can fish for crabs in ICES Area VII is established in the vessel’s fishing licence.

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Days at sea are not transferrable between fishing vessels.

The number of days spent at sea will be monitored for enforcement purposes by MMO/Devolved Administration offices. However, it is your responsibility to monitor your uptake and be aware of how many days you have available. If you wish to check the information held by the MMO on your vessel’s activity you should contact your local MMO coastal office.

It is an offence to exceed the maximum number of days at sea established in your vessel’s fishing licence, and action may be taken in accordance the relevant fisheries administration’s compliance and enforcement strategy.

The effort limit is an annual limit and is set in consultation with the vessels active in the fishery, with the aim of maximising uptake of available effort. For 2019 the annual limit will be reviewed every other month, starting in February, and will be increased if fleet size and activity levels permit.

Recording of days at sea

Days at sea are counted in calendar days (midnight to midnight) or part thereof. For example a fishing trip leaving port at 0200h and returning to port at 0100h the following day counts as two calendar days. In comparison, a fishing trip leaving port at 1000h and returning at 1700h the following day is also counted as 2 calendar days.

Trip data must be recorded in UTC (universal time constant) with no daylight saving adjustment.

Steaming trips are not counted against a vessel’s days at sea providing that no gear is deployed or hauled, no landings are made and vessel activity is declared as ‘CRU – steaming/cruising’ on the electronic logbook.

Time at sea will not count against a vessel’s allocation where it comes to the aid of another vessel in need of emergency assistance or because it is transporting an injured person for emergency medical aid. You must advise your port of administration in such cases.

Western Water Scallops

Once your allocation of days are used

Any vessel that has exhausted its allocation of days must cease fishing for crabs in Area VII immediately and return to port. The vessel may then undertake other activities. Western Water scallops

The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 October 2019 to 31 December 2019 is 80 days (of which no more than 50 in ICES area VIIe).

ICES VII EU Waters Line Check

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Scallop effort uptake for 2019 (last updated 16 December 2019)

Area European limit (kilowatt days) Real-time uptake to date (kilowatt days) Percentage of effort used to date
VII 4,035,619 3,744,930 93%
V-VI 1,974,425 805,700 41%

2019

Days at sea

The Western Waters Days at Sea scheme detailed below applies to UK fishing vessels, 15 metres and over in length, fishing for either king (Pecten Maximus) or queen scallops (Aequipecten opercularis) in ICES Area VII.

Quarterly Days at Sea Limits

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Any days remaining at the end of a management period will not be transferred across management periods.

Days at sea are not transferrable between fishing vessels.

The number of days spent at sea will be monitored for enforcement purposes by MMO/Devolved Administration offices. However, it is your responsibility to monitor your uptake and be aware of how many days you have available. If you wish to check the information held by the MMO on your vessels activity you should contact your local MMO coastal office.

It is an offence to exceed the maximum number of days at sea established in the vessels’ fishing licence and action may be taken in accordance with the relevant fisheries administration’s compliance and enforcement strategy.

Recording of days at sea

Days at sea are counted in calendar days (midnight to midnight) or part thereof. For example a fishing trip leaving port at 0200h and returning to port at 0100h the following day counts as two calendar days. In comparison, a fishing trip leaving port at 1000h and returning at 1700h the following day is also counted as two calendar days.

Trip data must be recorded in UTC (universal time constant) with no daylight saving adjustment.

Steaming trips are not counted against a vessel’s days at sea providing that no gear is deployed or hauled, no landings are made and vessel activity is declared as ‘CRU – steaming/cruising’ on the electronic logbook.

Time at sea will not count against a vessels allocation where it comes to the aid of another vessel in need of emergency assistance or because it is transporting an injured person for emergency medical aid. You must advise your port of administration in such cases.

Once your allocation of days are used

Any vessel that has exhausted its allocation of days must cease fishing for scallops in Area VII immediately and return to port. The vessel may then undertake other activities.

Further information

How to inspect your fishing gear and make sure your time at sea is not counted against your effort

Skippers or owners are required to notify their local coastal office if they intend to go to sea to inspect their fishing gear.

On electronic logbooks, these trips should be coded with a departure message of ‘Other’ (OTH), with a comment stating that you are going to inspect your fishing gear. This will allow MMO to make vessel monitoring system data with gear inspections consistent with one another.

No landings must be made during these trips. This will ensure that we do not include these trips in effort uptake calculations.

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Published 11 June 2014
Last updated 12 February 2020 + show all updates
  1. updated with link to final effort statistics for December 2019

  2. Updated with provisional December 2019 effort uptake

  3. Updated figures

  4. Effort tables updated

  5. Updated figures

  6. updated figures

  7. Change in date allocation

  8. Figures updated

  9. Figures updated

  10. Figures updated

  11. Map added

  12. Figures Updated

  13. Statistics updated

  14. Figures updated

  15. Figures update 23 May 2019

  16. Updated figures

  17. Figures Updated

  18. Latest Statistics Added

  19. Link to December 2018 data added

  20. 2019 limits added

  21. Figures updated

  22. Figures updated

  23. Figures updated

  24. Figures updated

  25. Figures updated

  26. Allocation days changed

  27. Figures updated

  28. The allocation of days from 00.01 hours on 1 January 2018 to 31 December 2018 is 160 days changed to 200

  29. Figures updated

  30. Figures updated

  31. Crab and scallop effort uptake updated to 26 June 2018

  32. Figures updated

  33. Figures updated

  34. Figures updated

  35. Figures updated

  36. Figures updated

  37. Figures updated

  38. 2018 data added

  39. 2017 data added

  40. text updated

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  47. Allocation of days changed

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  49. Page updated

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  62. 2017 data added

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  64. 2017 data added

  65. Crab and scallop data updated

  66. Figures updated

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  72. Figures updated

  73. Dates changed

  74. Days at sea updated

  75. Figures updated

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  78. Figures updated

  79. European limit (kilowatt days) for area 7 scallops updated

  80. Figures updated

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  90. Figures updated

  91. Text updated

  92. Effort tables updated

  93. Crab and Scallop uptake figures updated as at 8 December 2015

  94. Figures updated

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  100. Figures updated

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  103. Figures updated

  104. Figures updated

  105. Figures updated

  106. Figures updated

  107. Following a meeting in Plymouth on the 22 July 2015 it was agreed to increase the effort limit from 150 days to 190 days for the year.

  108. Figures updated

  109. Figures updated

  110. Spreadsheets updated

  111. Figures updated

  112. Figures updated

  113. Tables updated

  114. Dutch consultation information removed

  115. Figures updated

  116. Crab and scallop effort figures updated

  117. Figures updated

  118. Figures updated

  119. Figures updated 12 May 2015

  120. Crab and scallop effort figures updated

  121. Crab and scallop effort figures updated

  122. Effort statistics updated

  123. The allocation of days from 00.01 on 1 April 2015 to 23.50 on 30 June 2015 is 60 days added

  124. Next uptake statistics will be published in April 2015 text added

  125. Crabs and Scallops effort data updated

  126. Crabs and Scallops effort data updated

  127. Consultation into conducting a scallop-demersal effort swap with the Netherlands added

  128. Updated the date of meeting

  129. Effort tables updated

  130. Crab and Scallop effort tables updated

  131. Effort figures updated

  132. Effort tables updated

  133. Western waters crab rules added

  134. Scallop and Crab days for 2015 set.

  135. Effort tables updated

  136. Western Waters Scallop Rules for 2015 added and the allocation of days for January to December 2014 changed from 52 to 150 days.

  137. Effort tables updated 12 December 2014

  138. Effort tables updated

  139. Effort tables updated

  140. Change to scallop days

  141. Effort tables updated

  142. Effort tables updated

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  144. Effort tables updated

  145. Effort tables updated

  146. Effort tables updated

  147. Scallop days increased

  148. Effort tables updated

  149. Crab and scallops effort uptake uploaded

  150. Effort tables updated

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  152. Effort tables updated

  153. Effort tables updated

  154. Crab and Scallop effort updated

  155. Effort tables updated

  156. amended page in line with licence variation

  157. Effort tables updated

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  159. Effort tables updated

  160. Effort tables updated

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  162. effort tables updated

  163. Updated effort tables

  164. Crab and Scallop effort updated

  165. Scallop and Crab effort updated - 25 July

  166. Crab and scallop effort updake updated

  167. Crab and scallop effort uptake tables updated

  168. First published.