The 2050 Calculator approach is being adapted and developed further by teams outside of the UK
2050 Calculator Overview
To support the UK 2050 Pathways Analysis DECC (now BEIS) developed a 2050 Energy and Emissions Calculator model. The Calculator is a tool that helps strengthen the level of debate on energy issues in the UK. BEIS is now supporting teams around the world to develop their own calculators to explore their options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and help tackle climate change. DECC and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s Climate Change Attaché Network won the 2013 Civil Service Award for Analysis and Use of Evidence for this international work.
DECC also worked in collaboration with a number of other organisations to build a Global Calculator, which enables users to explore the options for reducing global emissions, and the impact of climate change associated with them. Please see the Global Calculator website for more information on the project and to access the Global Calculator.
If you have any questions or are interested in developing a new version of the Calculator, please contact the 2050 pathways team.
What is the 2050 Calculator?
The Calculator is an open source energy and emissions model. It allows the user to explore all high-level energy and emission pathway options the country, territory or region faces. For each possible 2050 pathways the user can further investigate impacts on land-use, electricity, energy security, energy flows, costs etc.
The UK 2050 Calculator exists in three formats:
- The 2050 Excel Spreadsheet: A detailed spreadsheet outlining all the underlying data and functionality of the 2050 Calculator.
- The 2050 Webtool: Internet based scenarios model using the same data as the excel spreadsheet. User is able to get instant results showing information on energy output, demand and emissions out to 2050. It enables quick comparison of the consequences and trade-offs of different scenarios.
- My2050: Visual internet simulation that helps young people to imagine how the energy system may evolve, and the secondary impact this may have. Please note - the UK Pathways Calculator is currently being updated, so the simplified My2050 simulation and the My2050 Schools Toolkit have been taken offline.
The ‘2050 Calculator Family’ – Three levels of complexity
What are the advantages of the 2050 Calculator approach?
The 2050 Calculator can outline, in minutes, months of work from technical experts. It allows you to answer the fundamental questions of how your energy system can evolve over the coming decades and its impact on emissions, energy security, land-use, electricity systems, energy development, costs etc. With three different levels of detail it can be used to engage technicians, policy makers and the general public with their energy and emissions choices. It promotes an ‘energy literate’ debate and brings your energy and emissions data alive.
2050 Calculator international outreach
BEIS strongly supports other countries or regions that want to use the 2050 Calculator methodology to explore their future energy choices, and is keen for this to have the same transformational impact as it has done in the UK. BEIS also wants to learn from the modeling approaches of other experts to improve the 2050 methodology.
All three versions of the UK 2050 Calculator are open source, and some training material is available below. If you have any questions or are interested in developing a new version of the Calculator, please contact the 2050 pathways team.
In order to promote international engagement, BEIS received funding from the International Climate Fund to support 10 developing countries develop their own 2050 Calculators – Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, South Africa, Thailand and Vietnam. All 10 countries have now completed the initial stage of the programme, and have launched finished Calculator models. Many of these are now being used in policy making or to open up the climate and energy debate to new audiences. more information on this programme, can be found on the Development Tracker website, which includes the original business case and annual reviews.
Which other places have published 2050 Calculators?
BEIS is working with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO), UK Embassies and the Department for International Development (DFID) to engage with experts from around the world. Twenty four teams have already published their own versions of the Calculator:
- Australia: In 2015, ClimateWorks Australia and the Australian National University launched the Australian 2050 Pathways Calculator.
- Austria: In 2015, the Umweltbundesamt (Environment Agency) launched the 2050 Pathways for Austria webtool, including a light version.
- Bangladesh: In 2015, Cardiff University launched the Bangladesh 2050 Calculator in collaboration with the Ministry of Power and the Independent University of Bangladesh. An Android app is available in the Play Store.
- Belgium: In 2011 the Belgium regional Government of Wallonia and the consultancy CLIMACT launched the Wallonia 2050 Pathways analysis. In 2013, the climate change service of the federal administration and CLIMACT launched the Belgian 2050 Pathways tool, which also includes a My2050 game.
- Brazil: In 2016, the Brazil 2050 Calculator was launched by Empresa de Pesquisa Energética (EPE) and COPPE (part of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro).
- China: In 2012, the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the People’s Republic of China published its China 2050 Calculator, English language version and China 2050 Calculator, Chinese language version.
- Colombia: In 2015, the Colombia 2050 Calculator was launched by Minambiente (the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development) and UNDP.
- Czech Republic: In 2016 the Czech 2050 Calculator was launched by the Ministry of Environment.
- Ecuador: In 2016 the Ecuadorian 2050 Calculator was launched by Instituto Nacional de Eficiencia Energética y Energías Renovables (INER).
- India: In 2014, the Indian Government’s Planning Commission launched India Energy Security Scenarios 2047, including a web tool and full spreadsheet.
- Indonesia: In 2014, the Indonesian 2050 Calculator was launched (revised 2016) by Indonesian Energy Statistics Organisation (Pusdatin) and the Indonesia Institute for Energy Economics. A Papua Province 2050 Calculator is also available.
- Ireland: In 2016, the Energy Institute launched the Ireland 2050: Understanding our Energy Choices website, which includes a 2050 Calculator and My2050.
- Japan: In 2014, the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies and the National Institute for Environmental Studies launched the Japan 2050 Low Carbon Navigator, English version and Japanese version.
- Mauritius – In 2015 the Mauritius 2050 Calculator webtool was launched by the Ministry of Environment, Sustainable Development and Disaster and Beach Management.
- Mexico: In 2015 the Mexico 2050 Calculator and My2050 were launched by SENER and Centro Mario Molina.
- New Zealand: In 2016, Wellington City Council launched the Wellington 2050 Energy Calculator.
- Nigeria: In 2015, the Nigeria 2050 Calculator webtool was launched by the Energy Commission of Nigeria. It is temporarily unavailable online.
- South Africa: In 2014, the South African Department of Environmental Affairs launched the South Africa 2050 Calculator webtool.
- South East Europe: In 2015, the SEE 2050 Carbon Calculator website with webtool and My2050 was launched by SEE Change Net.
- South Korea: In 2013, the South Korean University of Sejong published a South Korean 2050 Calculator as an excel spreadsheet, a web tool, and as a My2050 simulation.
- Switzerland: In 2015, the Energy Center of EFPL launched Swiss EnergyScope.
- Taiwan: In 2013, the Taiwanese Ministry of Economic Affairs and the Industrial Technology Research Institute published their Taiwan 2050 Ccalculator and My2030 game.
- Thailand: In 2015, the Thai 2050 Calculator was launched by the Thai Greenhouse Gas Management Organisation (TGO). The webtool is temporarily offline.
- Vietnam: In 2015, the Vietnam 2050 Calculator was launched by the Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT).
How to build a 2050 Calculator
Each 2050 Calculator has its unique challenges and opportunities. A ‘one-size-fits-all’ solution to adapting the 2050 Calculator to another country or region does not exist. Each team should own their respective versions of the 2050 Calculator and advance the analysis.
BEIS and other colleagues have developed information about how and why they adopted the 2050 Calculator methodology. Any new 2050 Calculator project can learn from these experiences and add to the debate.
In order to assist in this process of developing a 2050 Calculator, the following documents and links can be of assistance:
The software for all three formats of the UK 2050 Calculator is open source. When starting a 2050 Calculator analysis, DECC recommends developing and adapting the 2050 excel spreadsheet. Here are some ideas on how to do this:
For any other questions please contact the 2050 pathways team