If you import or export using a preference agreement or the Generalised Scheme of Preference, you may be able to reduce the duties on your goods.
The rate of duty payable depends on:
- the type of goods
- if you’re importing or exporting
- where the goods are deemed to have come from – the ‘originating’ country and their destination
To claim a preference, you must:
Check there’s an agreement in place.
Check your goods are covered by the agreement.
Check the goods meet the rules of origin.
Include the information on your declaration.
Claiming a preferential rate of duty can be complicated. Find out how to get someone to deal with customs for you.
Check if there’s an agreement
You must check if the country you’re trading with has an agreement.
You can find information about preference agreements that the UK has with other countries and groups of countries.
Check if your goods are covered by the agreement
You will need to classify your goods and confirm these are included in the agreement.
Check your goods meet the rules of origin
To show that your goods have come from the originating country, the goods must meet the criteria contained in the rules of origin.
Information to include on your import or export declaration
Find out how to complete a declaration if you’re using the:
There’s a different way to declare your goods if you’re exporting goods by post.
If you’re planning on claiming preference and using a customs warehouse you should check what else you need to do.
If you paid the full Customs Duty and were then able to get valid proof of origin, you may be able to apply for a repayment or remission of the duty after you’ve imported the goods.
Records you must keep
If you’ve made an origin declaration (or given written statements as a producer or supplier) you must keep a copy of the:
- declaration or statement
- supporting documents including details of the:
- processes carried out on originating goods or materials
- purchase, cost, value and payment for the goods
- originating status of the purchase, cost, value and payment for all materials
You must keep these records for at least 4 years, as HMRC may carry out checks on your goods.
If the checks are done before the goods are cleared for import, we may ask you for a security before releasing the goods.