Immigration Rules

Immigration Rules Appendix Visitor: Visa national list

List of nationalities requiring entry clearance prior to travel to the UK as a Visitor, or for any other purpose for less than six months

  1. VN 1.1. A person who meets one or more of the criteria below needs entry clearance (a visa) in advance of travel to the UK for any purpose, unless they meet one of the exceptions set out in VN 2.1., VN 2.2. (subject to VN 2.3.) or VN 3.1.
    1. (a) Nationals or citizens of the following countries or territorial entities (a “*” indicates there are exceptions in VN 2.2 to VN 6.5):
      1. Afghanistan
      2. Albania
      3. Algeria
      4. Angola
      5. Armenia
      6. Azerbaijan
      7. Bahrain*
      8. Bangladesh
      9. Belarus
      10. Benin
      11. Bhutan
      12. Bolivia
      13. Bosnia Herzegovina
      14. Burkina Faso
      15. Burundi
      16. Cambodia
      17. Cameroon
      18. Cape Vere
      19. Central African Republic
      20. Chad
      21. People’s Republic of China*
      22. Comoros
      23. Congo
      24. Côte d’Ivoire (formerly Ivory Coast)
      25. Cuba
      26. Democratic Republic of the Congo
      27. Djibouti
      28. Dominican Republic
      29. Ecuador
      30. Egypt
      31. El Salvador
      32. Equatorial Guinea
      33. Eritrea
      34. Eswatini (formerly Swaziland)
      35. Ethiopia
      36. Fiji
      37. Gabon
      38. Gambia
      39. Georgia
      40. Ghana
      41. Guinea
      42. Guinea Bissau
      43. Haiti
      44. India
      45. Indonesia*
      46. Iran
      47. Iraq
      48. Jamaica
      49. Jordan
      50. Kazakhstan
      51. Kenya
      52. Korea (North)
      53. Kosovo
      54. Kuwait*
      55. Kyrgyzstan
      56. Laos
      57. Lebanon
      58. Lesotho
      59. Liberia
      60. Libya
      61. Madagascar
      62. Malawi
      63. Mali
      64. Mauritania
      65. Moldova
      66. Mongolia
      67. Montenegro
      68. Morocco
      69. Mozambique
      70. Myanmar (formerly Burma)
      71. Nepal
      72. Niger
      73. Nigeria
      74. North Macedonia (formerly Macedonia)
      75. Oman*
      76. Pakistan
      77. Philippines
      78. Qatar*
      79. Russia
      80. Rwanda
      81. São Tomé and Principe
      82. Saudi Arabia
      83. Senegal
      84. Serbia
      85. Sierra Leone
      86. Somalia
      87. South Africa*
      88. South Sudan
      89. Sri Lanka
      90. Sudan
      91. Suriname
      92. Syria
      93. Taiwan*
      94. Tajikistan
      95. Tanzania
      96. Thailand
      97. Togo
      98. Tunisia
      99. Turkey*
      100. Turkmenistan
      101. Uganda
      102. Ukraine
      103. United Arab Emirates*
      104. Uzbekistan
      105. Venezuela
      106. Vietnam*
      107. Yemen
      108. Zambia
      109. Zimbabwe
    2. (b) stateless people; and
    3. (c) people travelling on any document other than a national passport, or, in the case of a person to whom paragraphs 11A and 11B of these rules apply, a national identity card, regardless of whether the document is issued by or evidences nationality of a state not listed in VN 1.1. (a), except where that document has been issued by the UK.

Exceptions to the list of visa nationals

Holders of specified travel documents

  1. VN 2.1. It is not necessary for a Transit Visitor to hold an entry clearance before they travel to the UK if they are travelling on an emergency travel document issued by, and evidencing the nationality of, a country not listed in VN 1.1.(a) and the purpose of their transit is to travel to the country in which they are ordinarily resident.
  1. VN 2.2. The following people do not need a visit visa before they travel to the UK as a Visitor, other than where VN 2.3. applies:
    1. (a) nationals or citizens of the People’s Republic of China who hold a passport issued by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; or
    2. (b) nationals or citizens of the People’s Republic of China who hold a passport issued by the Macao Special Administrative Region; or
    3. (c) nationals or citizens of Taiwan who hold a passport issued by Taiwan that includes in it the number of the identification card issued by the competent authority in Taiwan; or
    4. (d) people who hold a Service, Temporary Service or Diplomatic passport issued by the Holy See; or
    5. (e) nationals or citizens of Oman who hold a diplomatic or special passport issued by Oman; or
    6. (f) nationals or citizens of Qatar who hold a diplomatic or special passport issued by Qatar; or
    7. (g) nationals or citizens of the United Arab Emirates who hold a diplomatic or special passport issued by the United Arab Emirates; or
    8. (h) nationals or citizens of Turkey who hold a diplomatic passport issued by Turkey; or
    9. (i) nationals or citizens of Kuwait who hold a diplomatic or special passport issued by Kuwait; or
    10. (j) nationals or citizens of Bahrain who hold a diplomatic or special passport issued by Bahrain; or
    11. (k) nationals or citizens of South Africa who hold a diplomatic passport issued by South Africa; or
    12. (l) nationals or citizens of Vietnam who hold a diplomatic passport issued by Vietnam; or
    13. (m) nationals or citizens of Indonesia who hold a diplomatic passport issued by Indonesia.
    14. (n) DELETED
  1. VN 2.3. VN 2.2. does not apply where the person is:
    1. (a) visiting the UK to marry or to form a civil partnership, or to give notice of marriage or civil partnership, unless they are a “relevant national” as defined in section 62 of the Immigration Act 2014; or
    2. (b) seeking to visit the UK for more than 6 months.

Exception where the applicant holds an Electronic Visa Waiver (EVW) Document (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates nationals or citizens only)

  1. VN 3.1. The holder of a valid Electronic Visa Waiver (EVW) Document does not need to obtain a visit visa, or a visa for entry for six months or less where there is no mandatory entry clearance requirement, in advance of arrival in the UK, but can instead apply for permission to enter at the UK border.
  1. VN 3.2. VN 3.1. will not apply (meaning that the person will normally be refused permission to enter the UK) unless the EVW Document is used in the manner specified in VN 6.1. to VN 6.5.
  1. VN 3.3. An EVW Document relates to one person and may only be used for one application for permission to enter the UK or, where applicable, one crossing of the land border from the Republic of Ireland to the UK.

Obtaining an Electronic Visa Waiver Document

  1. VN 4.1. Only passport holders who are nationals or citizens of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia or the United Arab Emirates can obtain and use an EVW document.
  1. VN 4.2. To obtain an EVW Document, a person must provide the required biographic and travel information at the website established by the UK Government at https://www.electronic-visa-waiver.service.gov.uk/.
  1. VN 4.3. EVW Documents are issued to the applicant in electronic form.

Validity Requirements for an Electronic Visa Waiver Document

  1. VN 5.1. To be valid the biographic details on the EVW Document must match those of the holder’s passport, except where:
    1. (a) an apostrophe, space or hyphen is present in the holder’s name on their EVW Document but is not present in the holder’s name on their passport; or
    2. (b) an apostrophe, space or hyphen is present in the holder’s name on their passport but is not present in the holder’s name on their EVW Document.
  1. VN 5.2. To be valid an EVW Document must be able to be presented by the holder:
    1. (a) n clear, legible format; and
    2. (b) in English; and
    3. (c)electronically or in printed form.
  1. VN 5.3. To be valid the EVW Document must specify the flight, train or ship on which the holder intends to arrive in the UK, including the port of departure and arrival, and the scheduled date and time of departure and arrival, unless VN 5.4. or VN 5.5. applies.
  1. VN 5.4. Where the holder of an EVW Document is seeking to arrive in the UK by entering a control zone in France or Belgium or supplementary control zone in France, the EVW must specify the train or ship on which the holder intends to arrive in the UK, including:
    1. (a) the railway station or port where the holder intends to enter the control zone or supplementary control zone and from which the holder intends to depart for the UK; and
    2. (b) the railway station or port at which the holder intends to leave the train or ship after arrival in the UK; and
    3. (c) the scheduled date and time of departure from, and arrival at, the specified railway stations or ports.
  1. VN 5.5. Where the holder of an EVW Document intends to cross the land border from the Republic of Ireland to the UK by train, car or any other means, the EVW must specify the place at which it is intended to cross the border and the intended date and time of arrival in the UK.
  1. VN 5.6. For the EVW to be valid the required information must be submitted at least 48 hours before the holder departs on a flight, train or ship to the UK or crosses the UK land border from the Republic of Ireland by train, car or any other means.
  1. VN 5.7. To be valid the EVW Document must not have been issued more than 3 months before the date of the holder’s scheduled departure to the UK as specified on the EVW Document or, where the holder intends to cross the land border with the Republic of Ireland, before the intended date of the holder’s arrival in the UK as specified on the EVW Document.

Use of the Electronic Visa Waiver Document

  1. VN 6.1. The holder must present the EVW Document to an Immigration Officer on request upon the holder’s arrival at the UK Border or, where the holder is seeking to arrive in the UK by entering a control zone in France or Belgium or a supplementary control zone in France, upon arrival in that zone.
  1. VN 6.2. Where the holder has presented a printed copy of the EVW Document, it must be surrendered to an Immigration Officer upon request.
  1. VN 6.3. The holder must travel on the flight, train or ship specified on the EVW Document unless VN 6.4. or VN 6.5. applies.
  1. VN 6.4. If the holder travels on a different flight, train or ship from that specified in the EVW Document it must depart from the same port or railway station and arrive at the same UK port or railway station as specified on the EVW Document and either:
    1. (a) depart after the departure time specified on the EVW Document and arrive in the UK no more than 8 hours after the arrival time specified on the EVW Document; or
    2. (b) if the holder is seeking to arrive in the UK by entering a control zone in France or Belgium or a supplementary control zone in France, arrive no more than 8 hours after the departure time specified on the EVW Document.
  1. VN 6.5. If the holder is seeking to arrive in the UK by crossing the land border from the Republic of Ireland, the holder must cross at the time specified on the EVW Document, or no more than 8 hours after the time specified on the EVW Document.