Business and enterprise – guidance

EU tyre labelling regulation: compliance and guidance

Complying with the EU tyre labelling regulation for suppliers and distributors of tyres or vehicles.

The Labelling of Tyres with respect to Fuel Efficiency and other Essential Parameters Regulation No 1222/2009 facilitates the labelling of tyres for cars, vans, and heavy trucks. The regulation specifies that manufacturers of these tyres must provide information on:

  • fuel consumption
  • wet grip
  • noise classification

The aim of the regulation is to increase safety, promote fuel-efficient and safe tyres, decrease noise levels and allow consumers to make informed purchasing decisions.

The label classifies tyres from A (the highest performing) to G (the lowest performing). Information must be available in technical promotional literature such as leaflets and brochures, including on manufacturers’ websites. This has to be done for every new tyre within scope of the regulation sold on the EU market.

Guidance

The regulation requires the following information to be communicated to consumers:

  • vehicle fuel efficiency associated to the tyre’s rolling resistance
  • the tyre’s external noise level (expressed in decibels); not any tyre noise heard inside the vehicle
  • where applicable, the impact on vehicle safety associated to the tyre’s wet grip, provided for:
    • passenger car tyres (C1 tyres)
    • light commercial vehicles (vans - C2 tyres)
    • heavy vehicles (trucks, buses - C3 tyres)

Exemptions

The tyre labelling regulation does not cover:

  • re-treaded tyres
  • professional off-road tyres
  • temporary-use spare tyres
  • studded tyres
  • tyres used only for racing
  • tyres whose speed rating is less than 80 km/h
  • tyres to be fitted only on vehicles registered for the first time before 1 October 1990
  • tyres whose nominal diameter is smaller than 254 mm or bigger than 635 mm

The transitional provision indicated in article 15 of the regulation (EC) No 1222/2009 allows the sale of tyres produced before 1 July 2012 for which grading/labelling was not performed.

Obligations

Suppliers and distributors of either tyres or vehicles all have obligations under the regulation. A brief summary of these obligations are as follows:

  1. tyre suppliers (manufacturers or importers in the EU) must:
    • either put a sticker on the tyre tread or a label on each delivery of tyres to the dealer and end-user for passenger (car) and light commercial vehicle tyres
    • provide technical literature (leaflets, brochures, etc), including the manufacturer website for passenger, light commercial vehicles, and truck/bus tyres
  2. tyre distributors must:
    • ensure that at the point of sale tyres have the sticker or have a label for the end user to see before buying the tyre
    • give the information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise during the purchase process if the tyres offered for sale are not visible to the end-user (for passenger and light commercial vehicles tyres)
    • give information on or with the bill (for passenger car, light commercial vehicles and truck/bus tyres)
  3. vehicle suppliers and distributors must:
    • provide end-users with information on the fuel efficiency, wet grip (where applicable) and external noise of the tyre that are offered before the sale of the vehicle

For more information, Regulatory Delivery has developed guidance with the tyre Industry which can be downloaded below.

Tyre federation booklet

Testing procedure

Fuel consumption

Reducing the rolling resistance of a tyre reduces the amount of fuel a vehicle consumes less fuel.

The fuel efficiency/rolling resistance section of the tyre label is calculated by the scale specified in annex one to the regulation and measured in accordance with The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No. 117 and its subsequent amendments.

Wet grip

Wet grip is an important safety characteristic of a tyres as it improves the braking distance of a vehicle .

Vehicle Class Legislation detailing how tyre class is calculated
C1 EU Regulation No 228/2011 amending EC Regulation No 1222/2009
C2 and C3 EU Regulation No 1235/2011 amending EC Regulation No 1222/2009

Noise classification

The external noise generated by a tyre is communicated through the label in black waves; from one wave (lowest noise level) to three waves (highest noise level).

Noise tests are undertaken in accordance with The United Nations Economic Commission for Europe Regulation No. 117.

Legislation

The Labelling of Tyres with respect to Fuel Efficiency and other Essential Parameters Regulation No 1222/2009 was amended by Regulation 228/2011 (with regard to the wet grip testing method for C1 tyres) and Regulation 1235/2011 (with regard to the wet grip grading of tyres, the measurement of rolling resistance and the verification procedure).

EC regulation No 1222/2009 on the labelling of tyres with respect to fuel efficiency and other essential parameters came into force on 1 November 2012. Full details of the legislation on the EC website can be found here.

More information about the labelling of tyres can be found on the European Commission website.