How to spot contagious bovine pleuro-pneumonia (CBPP), what to do if you suspect it and measures to prevent its spread.
CBPP affects cattle.
Humans aren’t affected.
The last outbreak in Great Britain was in 1898.
CBPP is a notifiable animal disease. If you suspect it you must report it immediately by calling the Defra Rural Services Helpline on 03000 200 301. In Wales, contact 0300 303 8268. In Scotland, contact your local Field Services Office. Failure to do so is an offence.
How to spot CBPP
Infected cattle have difficulty breathing. Other clinical signs include:
- dry husky cough, especially when the animal first gets on its feet or is made to run
- grunting or signs of pain if pressure applied to the ribs
- nasal discharges
In severe cases the animal’s breathing is rapid, movement of the sides is increased and animals stand with feet wide apart to aid breathing.
Some animals may die. Others appear to recover but can remain infectious for up to 3 years.
How CBPP is spread
CBPP is spread by direct contact with an infected animal, through infected droplets in the breath.
Preventing and controlling CBPP
You can help prevent disease by practising strict biosecurity on your premises.
If you report suspicion of CBPP, APHA vets will investigate.
If CBPP is confirmed, the outbreak will be controlled in line with the contingency plan for exotic notifiable diseases.
Further information on prevention and control
Legislation relating to CBPP
CBPP is also covered by EU Directive 82/894