Guidance

Classifying textile apparel for import and export

Get help to classify textiles and which headings and codes to use.

Textile garments are classified under Chapter 61 if made from knitted or crocheted fabric. Chapter 62 covers clothing if they’re made from woven or non-woven fabrics, for example, felt.

Garments with a left over right closure at the front are classed as men’s or boys’ garments. Those with right over left closure at the front are classed as women’s and girls’ garments. This applies unless the cut of the garment clearly says that it is designed for one sex or the other.

Where garments cannot be identified as for either sex, they must be classified in the headings covering women’s or girls’ garments.

Everyday adult clothing

Blouses and shirts for women and girls

Shirt-blouses are classified under heading 6106 or 6206. They’re defined as garments:

  • designed to cover the upper part of the body
  • with a full or partial opening from the neckline - generally at the front
  • with sleeves
  • usually with a collar
  • with no pockets below the waist

Blouses classified under heading 6106 which are knitted or crocheted, must be:

  • lightweight
  • of fancy design and usually of a loose-fitting cut
  • with any type of neckline or at least shoulder straps
  • with buttons or other means of fastening, unless very low cut (a neckline that falls below an imaginary straight line drawn between the armpits)
  • with or without decorative trimmings such as ties, jabots, cravats, lace or embroidery
  • with an average of at least 10 stitches per linear centimetre (cm) in either direction

The majority of the above also apply to blouses of heading 6206. However, they do not have to have an opening at the neckline.

Blouses and shirt-blouses must not have:

  • pockets below the waist
  • a ribbed waistband or other means of tightening at the bottom of the garment

If the garments have pockets below the waist, they could be classified as pullovers or cardigans of heading 6110 when knitted or crocheted, or jackets of heading 6104 or 6204.

If the garments have a means of tightening at the bottom of the garment or an average of less than ten stitches per linear cm, they could be classified under heading 6102 or 6110 if knitted or crocheted or as wind jackets under 6202 if not knitted or crocheted.

Shirts for men or boys

Shirts for men or boys are classified under heading 6105 or 6205. They’re defined as garments with:

  • a left over right fastening in front or have a left over right flap
  • long or short sleeves

If the shirt features belt loops and belts, the essential characteristics of the garments and how they’re intended to be worn need to be taken into consideration. They could, in some cases, be classified as jackets in headings 6103 or 6203 or knitted cardigans in 6110.

If the garment has pockets below the waist, it could be classified as a jacket or cardigan.

They should be classified under heading 6101, 6201 or 6110, if they have either:

  • a ribbed waistband
  • other means of tightening at the bottom of the garment
  • an average of less than 10 stitches per linear cm

If the garment does not have sleeves, it could be classified under headings:

  • 6109
  • 6110
  • 6114
  • 6211

Jackets and blazers

If the outer shell of a jacket or blazer has three or more panels (two of which are at the front) sewn together lengthwise, they’re classified under headings:

  • 6103
  • 6104
  • 6203
  • 6204

However, similar garments with tightening at the base such as windcheaters and similar garments are classified elsewhere under their own headings.

Jerseys and pullovers

Jerseys and pullovers are classified under heading 6110 if they:

  • are knitted or crocheted garments intended to cover the upper part of the body
  • have any type of neckline
  • usually have welts or ribbing or other forms of tightening at the bottom, around the opening, the sleeve-ends or armholes

They can be made of any type of knitted or crocheted material, including light or fine-knit fabrics, of any textile fibre. They may have any form of decoration, including lace or embroidery.

Heading 6110 also includes:

  • waistcoats and cardigans that have a full length opening at the front
  • garments made from lightweight material with a method of tightening at the bottom, such as a drawstring or ribbed waistband
  • garments pulled over the head:
    • without an opening or fastening at the neckline
    • with a partial opening at the neckline that is closed by buttons or other means of fastening

Heading 6110 does not include:

  • women’s or girls’ blouses
  • anoraks, windcheaters, wind jackets and similar articles
  • garments that are similar to pullovers but longer, which are generally classified as dresses

Lightweight fine knit roll, polo or turtle-necked jumpers and pullovers are specifically covered in subheadings 6110 20 10 or 6110 30 10.

Fine knit means at least 12 stitches per cm in both directions. These garments are usually knitted in single jersey. They’re lightweight and must be close fitting.

Parkas, anoraks, windcheaters, wind jackets and similar articles

These are classified under heading 6101, 6102, 6201 or 6202.

These headings exclude garments made from fabrics such as felt or other non-wovens which are classified under heading 6210.

If they’re made from knitted or crocheted fabrics that have a visible non-cellular coating on one surface, they’re classified under heading 6113.

If they’re made from a woven fabric with a visible non-cellular coating on one surface, they’re classified under heading 6210.

Parkas are defined as loose fitting outer garments designed to provide protection from cold, wind and rain that:

  • have long sleeves
  • vary in length from mid-thigh to knee
  • are made from non-lightweight, close-woven fabrics
  • have a hood
  • feature a complete opening at the front fastened by a zip, studs or Velcro
  • have a lining, which is normally quilted or of simulated fur
  • have a drawstring or other tightening facility at the waist (other than a belt)
  • feature outer pockets

Anoraks are similar, but only range in length from well below waist length to a maximum of mid-thigh. They must have:

  • a hood
  • a complete opening at the front fastened by a zip, press studs or Velcro, often covered by a protective flap
  • a lining, which may be quilted or padded
  • long sleeves

In addition, anoraks usually have at least one of the following:

  • a tightening mechanism such as a drawstring at the waist and or at the bottom of the garment
  • sleeve-ends that are close fitting, elasticated or tightened in some other way
  • a collar
  • pockets

In relation to anoraks, the term ‘and similar articles’ includes garments that have the features of an anorak except for either a hood or a lining.

Windcheaters are garments that are designed to afford some protection from the weather and extend to the hips or just below. Made from close-woven fabric, they do not have a hood but do have:

  • long sleeves
  • a complete opening at the front fastened by a zip
  • a lining that is not quilted or padded
  • a collar
  • a means of tightening at the lower part of the garment, normally at the bottom

Wind jackets are commonly referred to as blousons. Usually a full, loose fitting cut and extending to the waist or just below. They have long sleeves that can extend below the bottom of the garment. They can be, but are not necessarily, weather protective. They feature:

  • a close fitting neckline, with or without a collar
  • a complete or partial opening at the front with any form of fastening
  • sleeve ends, normally close fitting, elasticated or tightened
  • tightening at the bottom of the garment

Wind jackets can also have outer pockets, a lining or hood.

In relation to wind jackets, the term ‘and similar articles’ includes garments that have the above features except for one of the following:

  • no close fitting necklines
  • no opening at the front with a close-fitting or other neckline
  • an opening at the front with no means of fastening

Car coats

Car coats are loose fitting outer garments with long sleeves and are worn over all other clothing for protection against the weather. They have a more formal appearance than parkas and are generally made from non-lightweight fabrics such as tweed or loden cloth.

Car coats can vary in length from below the crotch to mid-thigh and can be single or double breasted.

Car coats generally have:

  • a complete opening at the front that can be fastened with buttons, press studs and or a zip
  • a lining which may be detachable, padded or quilted
  • a centre back vent or side vents

Car coats do not have hoods or a means of tightening at the waist and or bottom of the garment, although they may have a belt.

The expression ‘and similar’, as far as car coats are concerned, includes garments, which have the same characteristics as car coats but have a hood.

Overcoats, capes, cloaks and similar articles

Overcoats and similar articles cover the body to at least the mid-thigh. They must meet minimum standard sizes for men and women. Measure from the collar seam at the nape (seventh vertebrae) to the bottom edge with the garment laid flat.

Size Men Women
Small 86cm 84cm
Medium 90cm 86cm
Large 92cm 87cm

T-shirts, singlets and vests

In classification terms, there is no distinction between men’s and women’s T-shirts, they’re all classified under heading 6109. This heading also covers other forms of singlets and vests.

A T-shirt can be:

  • a lightweight knitted or crocheted garment
  • of a vest type
  • of cotton or man-made fibre
  • not napped, or of pile or terry fabric
  • with or without pockets
  • with long or short close fitting sleeves
  • without buttons or fastenings
  • without collar
  • without opening in the neckline

They can be of one or more colours and have decoration in the form of advertising, pictures or inscriptions of words created through printing, knitting or other similar processes. However, the decoration must not be lace. The bottom of the garment is usually hemmed and does not have any means of tightening or ribbed waistband.

Singlets and vests include such garments even if they are:

  • of a fancy design
  • worn next to the body
  • without a collar
  • with or without sleeves (including those with shoulder straps)

Garments of heading 6109 cannot have any form of:

  • opening at the neckline and are usually classified under heading 6105 or 6106
  • ribbed waistband, drawstring or other means of tightening at the bottom

However, if it’s a man’s sleeveless garment, it may be classified under heading 6114.

Long garments that extend significantly below the waist and do not need another garment to be worn on the lower part of the body must be classified as a dress. There are specific lengths that must be considered when making this choice.

Skirts and divided skirts

Skirts and divided skirts are garments designed to cover the lower part of the body. Normally starting at the waist and can extend to the ankles or below and are worn in combination with an upper garment. They’re classified under heading 6104 or 6204.

Where skirts also feature braces, they’re still usually classified as skirts. If the garments also feature bibs at the front and or back, they’re still classified as skirts provided they cannot be worn without the addition of an upper garment. If they can be worn on their own they are classified as dresses.

Divided skirts are skirts that, while covering the legs separately, still hang as a skirt and have a cut and width that is clearly different from shorts or trousers.

Sarongs

Where a sarong has a shaped tie fastening, it should be classified as a skirt under heading 6104 or 6204. If it’s a square of fabric which has been further worked, such as with hemmed or rolled edges, it should be classified as a scarf or shawl. If it has unfinished edges, it should be classified as a fabric.

Trousers, dungarees and shorts

Trousers, dungarees and shorts are classified under heading 6103, 6104, 6203 or 6204.

Trousers are defined as garments that cover:

  • each leg separately
  • the knees and usually reach down to or below the ankles

If a garment features braces, it is still classified as trousers if that remains the garment’s essential character. Bib and brace overalls (also known as dungarees) may or may not cover the knee.

Shorts are garments that have the same features as trousers but do not cover the knee.

They’re never classified as industrial or occupational clothing.

Dresses

Dresses are defined as garments that are intended to cover the whole body, starting from the shoulders, and can extend to the ankles or below. To be classified as a dress, the garment must be capable of being worn without any other garments other than underwear.

They’re classified under heading 6104 or 6204.

Where the upper part comprises braces with bibs on the front or back, they’re classified as dresses only if they can be worn without any other garments other than underwear. If not, they should be classified as skirts.

Items that you may consider classifying elsewhere, such as T-shirts, blouses or pullovers that are long and extend well below the waist may need to be classified as dresses if they exceed specific lengths. These lengths are:

Size Chest Maximum length
Small 91.5-96.5 cm 80 cm
Medium 96.6-101.5 cm 80 cm
Large 101.6-111.5 cm 81 cm
Extra large 111.6-117.75 cm 82 cm
Extra extra large 111.76-127 cm 83 cm

The maximum length measurement is taken from the highest point on the shoulder seam to the bottom of the hem.

Suits and ensembles

A suit is defined as a set of garments comprising two or three pieces with their outer surfaces made up of identical fabrics. The component parts can be:

  • a suit coat and jacket with an outer shell that consists of four or more panels (excluding the sleeves), designed to cover the upper part of the body
  • a tailored waistcoat can also be included if the front is made from the same fabric as the outer surface of the other components of the set and the back is made of the lining of the suit coat or jacket
  • a garment designed to cover the lower part of the body, such as trousers, breeches or shorts (but not swimwear), a skirt or divided skirt with neither braces or bibs

If several separate components to cover the lower part of the body are presented together, the main lower part should be one pair of trousers or a skirt. The other garments should then be classified separately in their own heading.

To be classified under heading 6103, 6104, 6203 or 6204, a suit or ensemble can feature trimmings or decorations not found on all components. This only applies when the trimmings or decorations are of minor importance and only found on a small number of places on the garments. These could be on collars, sleeve ends or on lapels and pockets.

The following are always classified as suits, regardless of whether they meet the above conditions:

  • morning dress - comprising a plain jacket (cutaway) with rounded tails hanging well down at the back with striped trousers
  • evening dress - generally made of black fabric, the jacket of which is shorter at the front, does not close and has narrow skirts cut in at the hips and hanging down behind
  • dinner jacket suits - where the jacket is similar in style to an ordinary jacket but has shiny silk or imitation silk lapels

Specific issues with ensembles

In most cases, an ensemble must only contain one item that covers the upper half of the body and one or two different garments designed to cover the lower part of the body. A garment that covers both the upper and lower parts of the body, such as a dress cannot form part of an ensemble.

However, there are specific exceptions where ensembles may include two upper garments. One of which is a pullover when presented together with a cardigan to form a twinset. A waistcoat can also form a second upper garment. (Note: a lower garment must also be included.)

Garments classified in their own right under heading 6107, 6108, 6109, 6207 and 6208 cannot be part of an ensemble.

To be classified as an ensemble, the upper and lower garments must be made up entirely in a single identical fabric. This means equivalent in construction, yarn and colour as if made from a single roll of fabric.

The packaging can take various forms and each garment can be in its own packaging, but when presented to Customs, the ensemble must be presented as a single unit in a form ready for retail sale.

Retail packaging includes plain poly bags, labelled retail poly bags or boxes containing one ensemble. The parts of the set must be packaged together. Using adhesive tape to bind two poly bags together does not qualify. Check the PDF below for acceptable packaging options.

Chart of packaging for ensembles to be put up for retail sale as a single unit (PDF, 129KB, 1 page)

Track suits and ski suits

Track suits are defined by the general appearance and nature of their fabric and the fact they are clearly meant to be worn exclusively or mainly for sporting activities. They are classified under heading 6112 or 6211. However, there are different criteria for knitted and woven track suits.

Track suits are comprised of two garments:

A garment to cover the upper part of the body down to, or slightly below, the waist. This garment:

  • has long sleeves with ribbed or elasticised bands, zip fasteners or other tightening elements at the cuffs
  • has similar tightening elements, also including drawstrings, which are usually found at the bottom of the garment
  • if it has a complete opening at the front, the fastening system must be a zip, press studs or Velcro
  • if the opening is partial, it may in some circumstances be fastened with any type of buttons
  • may be fitted with a hood, collar or pockets

A pair of trousers, which will be:

  • with an elasticated waistband, drawstring or other means of tightening at the waist
  • with no opening at the waist and therefore no buttons or other fastening systems

The trousers may also be fitted with ribbed or elasticated bands, zips or other tightening elements at the bottom of trouser legs which generally go to ankle level.

Knitted tracksuits must not be lined, but the inner surface of the fabric may be raised (napped).

Woven tracksuits may be lined. Components of a tracksuit made up with an outer shell of a single identical fabric should be classified under one subheading under heading 6211.

Sets of garments such as shell suits whose components are made up in separate fabrics (even if the only difference is colour) must be separately classified as upper and lower parts under heading 6211.

Ski suits

Ski suits can be a ski overall or a ski ensemble. It should be clear that you wear these for cross country or alpine skiing and are classified under heading 6112 or 6211.

A ski overall is a one-piece garment designed to cover the upper and lower parts of the body. It should also have sleeves and collars and may also include pockets or foot-straps.

A ski ensemble is a set of garments made up of two or three pieces and put up together for retail sale. It should have one garment closed by a zip such as:

  • an anorak
  • a windcheater
  • a wind jacket

A ski ensemble will also have a second garment such as:

  • a pair of trousers
  • breeches
  • a bib or brace

A waistcoat is an optional third garment.

A ski ensemble may also be a ski overall with a type of padded, sleeveless jacket.

All the components of a ski ensemble must be made up of the same texture, style and composition. They must be of corresponding or compatible size. They can however be of different colours.

Swimwear

Swimwear are garments that in their general appearance, cut and nature of fabric, are recognisably intended to be worn solely or mainly as swimwear. Swimwear are generally made of man-made fibres and are classified under heading 6112 or 6211.

Swimming shorts must have inner briefs sewn to the garment or a least a lining in the front of the crotch and be tight at the waist, such as having a drawstring or fully elasticated waist.

Swimming shorts may have pockets, provided that:

  • the outside pockets have a firm fastening system to close the pocket completely, such as a zip or Velcro
  • the inside pockets are fixed to the waist and have an overlap closing system that must assure complete closure of the pocket opening

Swimming shorts cannot have a front opening or opening at the waist, even if closed with a closing system.

Unless all these conditions are met, the garments must be classified as shorts under heading 6103, 6104, 6203 or 6204.

Sports bras

To be classified as a sports bra under heading 6212, it has to have a clear definition of cups or separation of the breasts. The separation can be in the form of clear individual cups or merely stitching or gathering of material between the breasts.

The garment is designed to cover the upper part of the body and extend down to just below the bust, with a body supporting function. This garment is designed to be worn next to the skin as an undergarment.

If the bra merely has elastic around the bottom with no separation of the breasts, it would not be classified to this heading.

Mastectomy Bras

These bra’s generally have a lining in the cups, with side openings for inserting padding to enhance the breast for aesthetic purposes or for the insertion of breast forms following a mastectomy. They’re classified under subheading 6212 10.

Nightwear

Men’s or boys’ pyjamas are classified under heading 6107 or 6207, and women’s or girls’ pyjamas are classified under heading 6108 or 6208.

In general terms, to be classified as pyjamas the garments must be clearly identifiable as intended exclusively or mainly as nightwear.

Pyjamas comprise two garments; one for the upper part of the body, generally a jacket-type garment or pullover and another for the lower part of the body, usually trousers or shorts of a simple cut.

The components must be of corresponding or compatible size and of matching cut, constituent fabric, colours, decorations and degree of finish to show clearly that they are designed to be worn together. They must be of a suitable fabric to wear at night, have a loose fitting cut and not have any potentially uncomfortable features such as large or bulky buttons nor excessive applied decorations.

Pyjama trousers when presented without an upper garment, and Chinese style satin pyjamas, cannot be classified as nightwear.

Sets of knitted garments comprising a pair of shorts and a T-shirt-style upper are not classified as pyjamas. However, sets of garments known as ‘baby dolls’, comprising a very short nightdress and matching briefs, can be classified as pyjamas.

Nightdresses can be:

  • between less than knee length to ankle length
  • made from either light or heavy fabric
  • garments with lace ribbons, piping, gathers, bows or embroidery
  • made from heavier fabrics and generally more simply styled but may be printed and have some decoration

They cannot be classified as nightdresses if the garments have:

  • linings
  • fastening cords or ribbons with decorative attachments (for example, of metal) that would make them unsuitable for wearing in bed
  • ribbons, laces or cords for tying at the back of the neck
  • excessive elastication at the top of the garment or substantial gathering at the waist that would make it uncomfortable to wear in bed

Garments that are a long, loose-fitting and T-shirt style, even with printed night time graphics are not classified as nightwear and should be classified as dresses.

One-piece nightwear that covers both the upper and lower body, covering each leg separately is covered under subheading 6107 91 to 6107 99, or 6207 91 to 6207 99 for men’s or boys’ or 6108 91 to 6108 99 or 6208 91 to 6208 99 for women’s or girls’. They must cover:

  • both the upper and lower body
  • each leg separately

Asian garments and turbans

Saris are designed to be worn draped around the body from the shoulder to the ankles. They cover part of the upper body and the whole of the lower body. They are made from woven fabric and are classified under heading 6211 if they meet the criteria below.

They’re worn with a choli, or blouse, which covers the shoulders and the bust, and a waist petticoat.

Saris are rectangular pieces of woven fabric approximately 4.5 to 5.5 metres in length and 122 cm wide. They’re made from lightweight fabrics of silk, cotton or man-made fibres but are not made of wool. They have two selvedges running along the length of the fabric.

In order to be classified as a garment, at least one of the two shorter edges must be finished off, as specified in legal Note 7 to Section XI including:

  • hemming
  • fringing
  • drawn thread

Saris with two selvedges and two raw ends are classified as fabric in the piece even though they may be wearable in this form.

Saris may be made in any colour, plain or with any form of decoration or pattern including embroidery, hand printing or embellishments of gold and silver thread.

Occasionally a sari is approximately one metre longer than the standard length. This additional piece of material may be detached by the wearer and used to make the choli, or blouse.

The point of division between the sari proper and the additional piece is made obvious by a line of drawn thread work across the width of the fabric or by a change in the pattern. Such ‘composite’ articles are classified as saris providing at least one of the shorter ends is made up within the terms of legal Note 7 to Section XI. In other cases, they’re to be classified as fabric in the piece.

The choli is a short top, which does not reach the waist. It is usually classified as an ‘other garment’ under heading 6114 or 6211.

Kurta salwar or shalwar kameez are not usually classified as suits or ensembles. A kameez is a garment designed to cover the body from the shoulders to the knee, although in some cases this garment may be slightly shorter. It’s usually classified as a dress under heading 6104 or 6204.

A shalwar is a garment designed to cover the lower part of the body and is usually classified as trousers under heading 6104 or 6204.

A dupatta is a scarf or shawl, often worn with this outfit. It can be classified as an accessory to the dress, as long as it is made of the same fabric and matching in colour and design. When imported separately, it should be classified under heading 6117 or 6214.

Lehengha or ghagra suits may be classified as ensembles if they meet the criteria of specific issues. If it does not meet the criteria for an ensemble, then the garments would be classified separately. This outfit is made up of an upper garment, which is normally a jacket and a skirt.

Turbans are not classified as garments but as ‘other made up textiles’ and are classified under heading 6307.

Babies’ garments and clothing accessories

Babies’ garments are classified under heading 6111 or 6209.

They must be intended for infants of a body height not more than 86 cm (commercial size 86). Garments clearly designed for newborn babies, should always be classified under these headings, regardless of their dimensions. For example:

  • christening robes and gowns
  • capes
  • pixie suits
  • babies’ booties without applied soles

Under Commission Regulation (EC) No 651/2007, item 2, sleeping bags with sleeves or armholes designed for children or adults (over 86 cm) are excluded from heading 6111 or 6209 and classified as ‘other garments’ under heading 6114 or 6211.

There are specific and detailed measurements that define the maximum sizes of many garment types for them to fall into commercial size 86 cm.

Garment description Measurement number Measurement points Measurement
Shirts and blouses 1 Collar seam to cuffs, long sleeves (shoulder and arm) 38cm
  2 Collar seam to bottom hem 41cm
  3 Collar 27.5cm
(see note 1) 4 Chest: woven fabrics 72cm
    Knitted fabrics 66cm
T-shirts and grandad vests (knitted) (see note 1) 5 Chest 66cm
  6 Neck to hem 38cm
Pullovers (knitted) 7 Neck to hem 38cm
(see note 1) 8a Chest: Traditional Style 66cm
  8b Styled 70cm
  9 Neck seam to cuff 38.5
Trousers 10 (see note 4) Waist to bottom leg (including waistband) 51cm
  11 Waist: elastic, relaxed 47cm
  12 Non-elastic 53.5cm
  13 Inside leg 33cm
Shorts 14 Waist as for trousers
Dungarees (see note 3) 15 (see note 4) Top of strap to bottom of leg 72cm
  16 Inside leg 33cm
Skirts 17 Waist to bottom hem (including waistband) 26cm
  18 Waist: elastic, relaxed 47cm
  19 non-elastic 53.5cm
Dresses:      
pinafore (see note 3) 15 (see note 4) Top of strap to bottom hem 48cm
other 20 Centre back (neck) to bottom hem 49cm
(see note 1) 21 Chest 62cm
Night-dresses 21 Chest 68cm
  20 Neck seam to hem 67cm
Anoraks (see note 2) 22 Collar seam to cuffs (shoulder and arm) 40cm
Blousons (see note 2) 23 Collar seam to bottom hem 39cm
Snow suits 24 Shoulder to bottom ankle 81cm
  25 Inside leg 33cm
Sleep suits 26 Total overarm length 37cm
Play suits 27 Neck seam to ankle or toe (with slipper as integral part of garment 77cm
Pyjamas 30 Neck to rib hem 38cm
  31 Neck seam to cuff 38.5cm
  32 Inside leg 28cm
  33 Waist relaxed 47cm
Beach/Swimwear   Total length (one-piece) 41cm
  35 Chest 49cm
  36 Hip 49cm
Legless bodysuits   Shoulder to crotch 46.5cm

Note 1: All chest measurements are taken from armholes with the garment in its relaxed (unstretched) position.
Note 2: Measurements 22 and 23 are taken inside the garment when quilted or padded.
Note 3: Where a garment is fitted with adjustable straps, the straps should be positioned either on the buttonhole giving the shortest adjustment, or with a moveable buckle or clasp positioned 8cm from the unattached end of the strap.
Note 4: Measurements 10 and 15 are taken to a fixed leg end. Lengths should not exceed those specified to allow for unfixed roll-up or turned up.

Occupational and industrial clothing

Industrial and occupational clothing is worn solely or mainly to provide protection (physical or health) and made from tough or non-shrink fabric. They are usually made from:

  • cotton
  • synthetic or artificial fibres
  • a mixture of these textiles

They feature safety seams or double seams to increase their strength. Also, often fastened with:

  • press studs
  • zips
  • Velcro strips
  • crossed or knotted closure using laces or similar items

Pockets are generally stitched on and slit pockets are usually made of the same fabric as the garment.

Only garments of a commercial size of 158 (having a body height of 158 cm) or more can be considered industrial or occupational garments. Uniforms and official garments, for example, judges’ gowns or church vestments, are not considered industrial or occupational garments.

Textile apparel with an integrated electrical item

Garments which also include an electrical item such as headphones are always classified with the textile garment under Chapter 61 or 62.

Clothing accessories

Ear muffs

Ear muffs are not regarded as apparel and are classified as ‘other made up clothing accessories’ under heading 6117 or 6217.

Hairbands with flexible metal wire

Hairbands are made from textile fabrics with an integrated flexible metal wire, to make it easier to tie the hairband together at each end. They’re classified as ‘other made up clothing accessories’ under heading 6117 or 6217.

Gloves, mittens and mitts

Gloves made from a combination of textile fabrics are usually classified according to the fabric that appears on the palm side (including the finger fronts and the parts between the fingers) under heading 6116 or 6216.

If the whole of the front side is not one single fabric, it should be classified according to the most used material over the whole of the glove.

Some sports gloves are an exception. If their essential character is defined by a material on a different part (for example, a goalkeeper’s gloves used for ice hockey where the fabric on the back protects the hand) they should be classified under that material.

Some other gloves are classified elsewhere:

  • gloves lined with fur skin, artificial fur or with fur skin or artificial fur on the outside other than as trimming are classified under heading 4303 or 4304 - artificial fur is where the fibres forming the pile surface are gummed or sewn on to the base material but does not include those where the pile is formed during the knitting or weaving process
  • gloves or mitts for babies are classified under heading 6111 or 6209
  • friction gloves for massage or toilet use are classified under heading 6302
  • loofah friction gloves are classified under heading 4602
  • gloves, mittens and mitts made from paper, cellulose wadding or web of cellulose fibres are classified under heading 4818

Legwarmers

These items that do not cover the feet are classified under heading 6406.

Bra extensions

The bra extension is classified under heading 6217. These consist of a strip of textile material of about 3.5 cm wide and 7 cm in length and have hooks at one end and eyes on the other end, both of base metal. It can be attached to the backside of a bra.

A bra extension does not only prolong a bra, but it mainly enables women who cannot wear universal sizes, to wear a bra. This allows a bra to fulfil its function as body support by adapting it to women who cannot use universal sizes.

More information

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Published 3 August 2012
Last updated 7 April 2017 + show all updates
  1. This guidance has been updated to include the definition of 'bra extensions'.

  2. The definition of a 'Sports bra' has been added to the page.

  3. The further information section has been updated to show the change of contact details.

  4. First published.