This statistical release presents information from 2011 about rail passenger numbers on trains throughout the day in several major cities, as well as the levels of peak crowding.
These statistics are based on passenger counts carried out by franchised train operators of the numbers of passengers using their services in the autumn period and represent passenger numbers on a typical weekday. They cover national rail services only.
- On a typical weekday in autumn 2011, 532 thousand passengers arrived into central London by rail during the morning peak. This compared to 443 thousand passengers departing central London during the afternoon peak
- Outside London, Birmingham had the highest number of passengers travelling during the peaks, with 36 thousand arrivals in the morning peak and 40 thousand departures in the afternoon peak
- Overall crowding across both peaks, as measured by the percentage of passengers in excess of capacity (PiXC), was 3.2% in 2011 on London & South East rail services. This was an increase from 3.0% in 2010. Crowding in the morning peak stayed level at 4.0% of passengers in excess of capacity, but afternoon peak PiXC increased from 1.9% in 2010 to 2.2% in 2011
- First Great Western had the highest level of PiXC of any London & South East operator with 9.9% across both peaks, although this was a fall from 16.6% in 2010
- Birmingham had the highest crowding outside London in the morning peak in 2011 with 3.1% of passengers in excess of capacity. Manchester had the highest crowding in the afternoon peak with 2.5% of passengers in excess of capacity
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These official statistics are not designated as National Statistics.