National statistics

Food statistics pocketbook

Publication giving an overview of statistics about food.


Defra trade codes and descriptions

Data for Chart 3.7: World grains stocks to consumption ratio to 2020-21.

Request an accessible format.
If you use assistive technology (such as a screen reader) and need a version of this document in a more accessible format, please email Please tell us what format you need. It will help us if you say what assistive technology you use.


Food Statistics Pocketbook Summary

The Food Statistics Pocketbook presents a selection of information covering the economic, social and environmental aspects of the food we eat. It contains statistics for different time periods, but always using latest available data at the time of release. Data comes from surveys run by Defra and the Office for National Statistics and from a wide range of other sources including government departments, agencies and commercial organisations.

The full publication is available here: Food statistics pocketbook

Associated datasets from this publication are also available. Data are a mixture of National Statistics, Official Statistics and unofficial statistics. Unofficial statistics are used where there are gaps in the evidence base. Where National Statistics are used this is indicated. Further information on National Statistics can be found on the UK Statistics Authority website.

The four separate “chapter” pages, and the glossary, have been combined into one webpage to simplify navigation.

  • Food Chain
  • Prices and Expenditure
  • Global and UK Supply
  • Food Security Report

Please answer 4 short questions (opens in Google Forms) to help us make the pocketbook better for you.


Enquiries to: Lead statistician: David Lee Tel: 0208 026 3006

Production team: David Lee, Isabella Worth, Jonathan Smith, Leigh Riley, Chris Silwood and Matthew Keating.

You can also contact us via Twitter: @DefraStats

Food Statistics team
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
2nd Floor, Seacole Building
2 Marsham Street

Published 15 November 2018
Last updated 15 February 2024 + show all updates
  1. Updated figure 3.3 and 3.6 with the latest data.

  2. Updated Defra trade codes and classifications guide with new contact information.

  3. Updated the section 4 on food security to include the latest data. Also revised SME statistics in figure 1.4 based on recommendations of the DBT.

  4. Updated several figures and removed the Kantar figures that are outdated and no longer being provided with new data.

  5. Updated several images with accessibility changes. More recent data for figure 2.1 but also additional analysis included of overall vs food inflation.

  6. Added caveats to 1.3 and another term (SIC Codes) to the glossary.

  7. Added figure on organics data due to a request of the organics policy team.

  8. Publishing updates and new data for figure 1.3.

  9. Revamped figure 1.4 on SMEs. Moved GVA into figure 1.5 to separate from SMEs analysis.

  10. Minor change to the commentary in Section 4.

  11. Changed the source link for 4.6 to the relevant report rather than just to the FSA website.

  12. Changed one graphic (4.6) to a integrated chart for reproducibility but also included new wave of data. Made changes to the graphic for 3.2 to improve accessibility.

  13. Needed to update the title and the csv file for figure 4.1 to include new data for 2021 to match the graphic. Also had accidentally put the body into the about section of the publication.

  14. Updated two of the graphs to improve accessibility. Also, two markdown tables to include data up to 2022 in one and to account for a change in data source in the other.

  15. Updated Defra trade code details.

  16. 3 of the graphs in the publication have been updated to include the latest available data on food statistics.

  17. Updated with information from the UK Food Security Report.

  18. Updated to include 2021 or 2020 data as available for sections 1.2, 1.6 and 2.1.

  19. Updated with data for 2020 and 2020-21, and all separate files merged into one.

  20. Updated with Family Food 2018-19 data.

  21. Edited commentary on Chart 2.2.

  22. Updated Total Factor Productivity, Agriculture in the United Kingdom, food price inflation statistics.

  23. Updated National Statistics Statement.

  24. Updated with statement on date of designation as National Statistics.

  25. Updated Chart 2.5 to 2017-18 data.

  26. Updated with new values for food and drink exports.

  27. Updated Total Factor Productivity data and chart.

  28. Amended Gross Value Added of the UK agri-food sector table and commentary to use GVA of the whole economy instead of GVA of the wider economy to align methodology with Food Chain Productivity publication.

  29. Updated with 2017-18 Family Food data and 2018 Total Factor Productivity data.

  30. Updated Gross value added of the UK Agri-Food sector, GB Agri-Food sector employee; UK Consumer expenditure on food, drink and catering; UK trend in food and non-alcoholic beverage prices in real terms; Origins of food consumed in the UK; UK Food production to supply ratio; Trends in UK food production and final output at market prices; World agricultural commodity prices and World grains stocks to consumption ratio data.

  31. Added two supporting documents for trade analysis.

  32. Updated with new data for total factor productivity of the UK food sector, food and non-alcoholic beverage prices in real terms, share of spend on food in low income and all UK households, attitudes towards British food purchases in the UK, UK trend in sales of ethical produce, and world agricultural commodity prices to September 2018.

  33. Updated text reverting to National Statistics badging following clarification of status, and addition of Statement of compliance with the Code of Practice for Statistics.

  34. Added all datasets for charts.

  35. Corrected navigation links.

  36. Updated 1.4: UK food and drink manufacturing by product type.

  37. First published.