"The responsibility lies with both sides to make progress toward a permanent peace, enshrined in a two-state solution"

UK Statement by Ambassador Sir Mark Lyall Grant to the Security Council Briefing on the Middle East and the Situation in Gaza

This was published under the 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government

un security council

Thank you Mr President,

I would also like to thank Mr Feltman for his briefing and you, Mr President, for responding quickly to this urgent request and scheduling this meeting at short notice. As others have already said, the situation on the ground is deeply alarming and of great concern to us all.

Mr President,

The United Kingdom has three objectives: to secure a ceasefire; to alleviate humanitarian suffering; and to keep alive the prospects for peace negotiations, which are the only hope of breaking this cycle of violence and devastation once and for all.

My Government’s position remains clear. We want to see immediate de-escalation, and agreement on a durable ceasefire. The people of Israel have the right to live without constant fear for their security; the people of Gaza have the right to live safely in peace. Steps must be taken now to address the underlying causes of the conflict.

We welcomed the Egyptian–proposed ceasefire, we welcomed Israel’s acceptance in principle of the terms of the proposed ceasefire agreement, and we welcomed the Palestinian Authority’s endorsement of the Egyptian initiative. We also welcomed the UN facilitated humanitarian pause on 17 July.

We call on Hamas, and all militant factions in Gaza, to cease hostilities, ending all rocket fire into Israel. We utterly condemn the firing of rockets into civilian areas.

Let me reiterate our support for Israel’s right to self defence. Israel faces a tough dilemma in responding to unacceptable rocket fire from Gaza. But in exercising its right to self-defence Israel must act proportionately, and take all necessary steps to minimise civilian casualties. As we have heard this afternoon, many innocent civilians are being killed.

Mr President,

On our second objective, we are deeply concerned by the dire humanitarian situation. There are hundreds of thousands of extremely vulnerable civilians in Gaza, who are suffering acutely from this crisis. Access to clean water, power and medicines is becoming critically difficult.

We urge all parties to continue to enable unhindered access throughout Gaza. The United Kingdom support has enabled UNRWA to respond to the crisis by continuing to provide crucial health services.

On the third objective, any ceasefire needs to be genuinely sustainable. It is important to tackle the underlying causes of instability in the Gaza strip, without which the long-term security of both Israel and Gaza cannot be secured.

As part of a ceasefire, we need to consider establishing a viable verification and monitoring mission to ensure the implementation of any ceasefire agreement by all sides, learning lessons from the past.

Implementation of a ceasefire agreement however must only be part of a wider effort to improve conditions in Gaza. Without that, we are likely to see further such cycles of violence. This should include the restoration of Palestinian Authority control in Gaza, the opening up of legitimate movement and access and a permanent end to the unacceptable threat of rocket attacks and other forms of violence from Gazan militants against Israel.

Mr President,

The responsibility lies with both sides to make progress toward a permanent peace, enshrined in a two-state solution. No other alternative option exists which guarantees peace and sustainable security for both Israelis and Palestinians.

Thank you.

Published 18 July 2014