© Crown copyright 2019
This publication is licensed under the terms of the Open Government Licence v3.0 except where otherwise stated. To view this licence, visit nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/open-government-licence/version/3 or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: email@example.com.
Where we have identified any third party copyright information you will need to obtain permission from the copyright holders concerned.
This publication is available at https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-breeds-at-risk-from-exotic-animal-disease-outbreaks/uk-breeds-at-risk-list-bar
The following lists of native farm animal breeds considered to be at particular risk (in the event of an outbreak of exotic disease) have been determined from the expert advice of the UK Farm Animal Genetic Resources Committee (FAnGR). The criteria for a breed to be included on the lists are available as Annex 1.
These are not closed lists, and if evidence can be provided to support the criteria, the FAnGR Committee will consider further submissions to include additional breeds on the list. Equally, a breed can be removed from the list if it no longer fulfils all criteria.
Update September 2019 – Due to the current economic climate, Defra will not be removing any breeds from the UK BAR Register. This will be reviewed again following the 2020 national inventory update.
Lists of breeds at risk are available below for:
Cattle breeds at risk include:
- Aberdeen Angus (Original Population)
- Belted Galloway
- British White
- Dairy Shorthorn (Original Population)
- Galloway (including Black, Red and Dun)
- Hereford Traditional (Original Population)
- Irish Moiled
- Lincoln Red
- Lincoln Red (Original Population)
- Northern Dairy Shorthorn
- Red Poll
- White Galloway
- White Park
- Whitebred Shorthorn
Sheep breeds at risk include:
- Border Leicester
- Castlemilk Moorit
- Clun Forest
- Derbyshire Gritstone
- Devon & Cornwall Longwool
- Devon Closewool
- Dorset Down
- Dorset Horn
- Greyface Dartmoor
- Hill Radnor
- Leicester Longwool
- Lincoln Longwool
- Manx Loaghtan
- Norfolk Horn
- North Ronaldsay / Orkney
- Oxford Down
- White Face Dartmoor
- Whitefaced Woodland
In addition, the following sheep breeds are recognised to be geographically concentrated 1. These breeds are not currently included on the breeds at risk lists but would be expected to be added if the number of breeding females fell below the numerical thresholds given in the criteria:
- Brecknock Hill Cheviot
- Exmoor Horn
- Rough Fell
- Shetland Island
- South Country Cheviot
- South Wales Mountain (Nelson type)
- Welsh Hill Speckled Face
Goat breeds at risk include:
- Cheviot (Feral)
- Golden Guernsey
Pig breeds at risk include:
- British Landrace
- British Lop
- British Saddleback
- Gloucestershire Old Spots
- Large Black
- Large White
- Middle White
- Oxford Sandy and Black
Equine breeds at risk include:
- British Percheron
- Cleveland Bay Horse
- Clydesdale Horse
- Dales Pony
- Dartmoor Pony
- Eriskay Pony
- Exmoor Pony
- Fell Pony
- Highland Pony
- New Forest Pony
- Shire Horse
6. Annex 1: The criteria for eligibility to the UK Breeds at Risk Lists
For a breed to be included on the UK list of breeds considered to be at particular risk in the event of an outbreak of exotic disease it must:
- be a native breed, as defined below
- be eligible for inclusion in the UK National Breed Inventory, as defined below
- have a population of registered breeding females below the thresholds shown in Table 1
6.1 Definition of a breed for the purpose of the UK National Breed Inventory
A livestock breed, in the UK context, is an interbreeding population of husbanded or formerly husbanded domesticated animals of consistent genotype and phenotype with a recognised history and administrative framework.
6.2 Eligibility of a “breed” for inclusion in the UK National Breed Inventory
To be included in the UK National Breed Inventory a breed should satisfy both of the following conditions:
- it fulfils, or potentially fulfils, a role in the rural economy. This condition may be satisfied by evidence that the breed has been, at some time in the past, viable in numbers that exceed criteria for being at risk by UN FAO standards
- less than 10% of the aggregate genetic contributions to the population over the last 4 generations are derived from other resources distinct from foreign herd books recognised as representing the same breed
6.3 Definition of a “native breed”
For a breed to be considered native, the breed should satisfy all of the following criteria:
- the breed satisfies the criteria for inclusion in the UK National Breed Inventory described above
- breed history documents the breed origin within the UK (including from an amalgamation of native breeds) and the UK has formed the primary environment for the development of the breed. Breed history documents its presence in the UK in its current adapted form for a qualifying period of at least 40 years or 6 generations whichever is the longer period of time. Less than 10% of the aggregate genetic contributions to the population over the qualifying period are derived from other resources distinct from foreign herd books recognised as representing the same breed
- a minimum of 80% of the genetic contributions from any generation of ancestors within the qualifying period must come from ancestors that were (i) registered in the breeds herd book and (ii) born in the UK. An exception to this may be granted as part of an approved conservation scheme. Henceforward, all conservation schemes that may threaten native status should be notified to Defra
Table 1 – Thresholds for number of registered breeding females in UK population
|Species||Thresholds for population of registered breeding females **|
** Thresholds may be increased when less than 80% of the registered breeding females are being used for pedigree pure breeding based on herdbook statistics.
Population can be calculated as follows:
- by census – for a census to be accepted it must cover 80% of the herds and 80% of expected population based on registration statistics. The multipliers are already agreed and published
- by registration statistics – this must be herdbook statistics which will then be used with a multiplier to calculate the population
The breed must have a recognised breed society with whom Defra can communicate.
The breed society must submit Census or registration statistics to Defra annually for publication in the national inventory and on request.
An up to date list of breeders with registered pedigree stock must be maintained and be available in the event of a disease outbreak.
A breed which has exceeded the threshold and maintained an increasing or stable population for three years will be removed.
A breed which has been over the threshold for 5 years will be removed from the list.
Breeds should continue to submit annual data even if they are removed from the list if they wish to be reconsidered for inclusion when circumstances change.
A breed which has been below the threshold for one year will be re-instated to the list.
6.5 Further information
Further information on some of the definitions used in the criteria is available.
For a definition of “geographically isolated”, please see the Definition of a breed for the purpose of the UK National Breed Inventory. ↩