Research and analysis

Synopsis of causation: urinary calculus

This document contains a synopsis of causation occurring in urinary calculus.



This document provides information on urinary calculus. It has been compiled by medical practitioners and validated by external consultants within a relevant field. However, it is not intended as a comprehensive compendium of the literature on the specific condition.

This synopsis of causation was authored by Mr Keith Baxby, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee and validated by Mr R J Morgan, Harley Street, London.