Research and analysis

Synopsis of causation: refractive error

This document contains a synopsis of causation occurring in refractive error.



This document provides information on refractive error. It has been compiled by medical practitioners and validated by external consultants within a relevant field. However, it is not intended as a comprehensive compendium of the literature on the specific condition.

This synopsis of causation was authored by Dr Paul Johnstone, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School. Dundee and validated by Dr David Gartry, Moorfields Eye Hospital, London.