This document contains a synopsis of causation occurring in fractures of the upper limb.


This document provides information on fractures of the upper limb. It has been compiled by medical practitioners and validated by external consultants within a relevant field. However, it is not intended as a comprehensive compendium of the literature on the specific condition.

This synopsis of causation was authored by Mr John A Dent, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee and validated by Mr Sheo Tibrewal, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, London.