Research and analysis

Synopsis of causation: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

This document contains a synopsis of causation occurring in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.



This document provides information on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It has been compiled by medical practitioners and validated by external consultants within a relevant field. However, it is not intended as a comprehensive compendium of the literature on the specific condition.

This synopsis of causation was authored by Dr Robert Whittle, Medical Author, Medical Text, Edinburgh and validated by Dr Noel Snell, Royal Brompton Hospital, London.

Published 1 September 2008