Defence and armed forces – research and analysis

Synopsis of causation: cancer of the bladder

This document contains a synopsis of causation occurring in cancer of the bladder.

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This document provides information on cancer of the bladder. It has been compiled by medical practitioners and validated by external consultants within a relevant field. However, it is not intended as a comprehensive compendium of the literature on the specific condition.

This synopsis of causation was authored by Mr Keith Baxby, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee and validated by Professor Alan Horwich, The Royal Marsden Hospital, London.