Research and analysis

Smoking: progressive decline of the body’s major systems

Public Health England commissioned review on the impact of smoking on musculoskeletal system, cognitive function, oral health and vision.



An expert review commissioned by Public Health England to coincide with the launch of the 2015 New Year smokefree ‘health harms’ campaign.

This report examines the role of smoking in the progressive decline of the body’s major systems, including:

  • musculoskeletal
  • cognitive function
  • oral health
  • vision

It describes how smoking causes deterioration and degeneration, in a process similar to rotting.