Non-infectious disease clusters: investigation guidelines

Information for health protection specialists on the investigation of disease clusters suspected of being caused by exposure to environmental hazards.


Guidance for investigating non-infectious disease clusters from potential environmental causes

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This guidance for health professionals presents a step-by-step approach to the investigation of non-infectious disease clusters.

It describes a 3-stage investigation process comprising:

  • screening (assessing the need to investigate)
  • assessment (determining the plausibility of an environmental cause)
  • investigation of possible causative factors (epidemiological studies, for example)

It also covers:

  • best practice for reporting results and communicating risk
  • roles and responsibilities for cluster investigation team members
Published 1 March 2019