Research and analysis

Month of birth and education: schools analysis and research division

Research looking to draw together all available information on the month-of-birth effect in education.

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In 2002 the Department for Education began collecting individual pupil-level data on the characteristics of pupils in maintained schools through the schools census. This information has been linked to attainment data from key stage tests to create the National Pupil Database, which has become a resource enabling detailed longitudinal analysis of pupil, school and national performance and the factors which are associated with it. Through the modelling of progress and attainment, one of the individual factors identified as affecting attainment outcomes is month of birth, or age-within-year.