Inheritance Tax: main residence nil-rate band and the existing nil-rate band
This tax information and impact note affects individuals with direct descendants and personal representatives of deceased persons, with total assets above the Inheritance Tax threshold.
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The draft Finance Bill 2016 clause and Explanatory notes were published on 9 December 2015.
This measure introduces an additional nil-rate band when a residence is passed on death to a direct descendant. This will be:
- £100,000 in 2017 to 2018
- £125,000 in 2018 to 2019
- £150,000 in 2019 to 2020
- £175,000 in 2020 to 2021
It will then increase in line with Consumer Price Index from 2021 to 2022 onwards. Any unused nil-rate band will be transferred to a surviving spouse or civil partner. It will also be available when a person downsizes or ceases to own a home on or after 8 July 2015 and assets of an equivalent value, up to the value of the additional nil-rate band, are passed on death to direct descendants.
Further details of these proposals are in a technical note on the Inheritance Tax main residence nil-rate band and downsizing proposals.
Published: 8 July 2015
Updated: 30 March 2017
- New hyperlink to 'Residence nil-rate band Guide' added to the more information section.
- Draft clause 44 and explanatory note 44 added to the page.
- First published.